Corruption in Romania has decreased significantly since joining the European Union, thanks to enforcement from its National Anticorruption Directorate and monitoring from the EU. Even so, graft in public procurement remains a worrisome problem affecting public confidence. Transparency International Romania, the Institute for Public Policy and the Romanian Academic Society are using Integrity Pacts to monitor four EU-funded projects in the country.
DIGITAL LIBRARY OF ROMANIA
The Ministry of Culture and National Identity is creating an online platform that brings together cultural heritage within the Digital Library of Romania. The project aims to digitise cultural artefacts and grant online public access to hundreds of thousands of items, ranging from text, audio, to 3D objects and videos. Such heritage is currently only available for view in person, and it is hoped that this will boost its accessibility.
The Ministry of Culture and Identity is overseeing the project, which will include staff training on digitisation techniques and publicity activities. Transparency International Romania and the Institute for Public Policy are implementing an Integrity Pact to ensure transparency and accountability in the procurement process.
NATIONAL EDUCATION PLATFORM
The Ministry of National Education and Scientific Research, together with the Directorate General Programmes for Competitiveness, wants to create a platform and a centralised national system for the management and collection of information regarding Romanian children’s school results and daily educational activity.
The platform will include a grading catalogue accessible to students, teachers, and parents. The Ministry aims to use the platform to compare Romania’s national school results to similar international test results. The Directorate General Programmes for Competitiveness is implementing an Integrity Pact with TI Romania and the Institute for Public Policy to detect potential frauds and conflict of interests and increase trust in public authorities.
LAND REGISTRATION PLATFORM
Romania maintains a massive database of real estate data called eTerra. Publicly accessible and easily searchable, the system is important for real estate market transactions and for landowners to access agricultural funds. It also aids in the consolidation of farmland and helps Romanian farms to compete in the European Union. However, only about 12 percent of the "territorial administrative units" are registered in eTerra, leaving a majority of property owners at a disadvantage.
The National Agency for Cadastre and Land Registration is implementing a €313 million project to register properties in 793 "territorial administrative units". In light of Romania's problem of corruption in public procurement, the Agency is implementing an Integrity Pact in two out of three components of the procurement process to promote transparency, efficiency and accountability.
ADMINISTRATION OF EU FUNDS
The Managing Authority of the Operational Programme for Administrative Capacity (MA OPAC) provides technical support to Romanian agencies that receive EU funding, helping them to administer the incoming subsidies. The Romanian Academic Society is monitoring three public procurement processes for the MA OPAC's own service contracts in the field of information, communication and publicity. RAS has therefore been granted full access to all procedures related to the three projects.