Transparent and accountable mining can contribute to sustainable development. This begins with corruption-free approvals – the very first link in the mining value chain when decisions are made about whether, where, and under what circumstances to permit mining, including who is awarded licences or contracts. Transparency International has assessed the risks that can lead to corruption in 18 resource-rich countries to identify the warning signals as early as possible. This report demonstrates where and how corruption can get a foothold in mining approvals processes before ground is even broken. It presents examples from a range of diverse countries and identities important roles for government, the mining industry and civil society to identify, prevent and mitigate these risks.
Check out our related Mining awards corruption risk assessment tool
Below are case studies of Combatting corruption in mining approvals on the following subjects:
- How accountable are companies for their environmental and social impacts? (Accountability)
- How meaningful is community consultation? (Community)
- Weaknesses in the licensing process (Licensing Process)
- Who gets the right to mine? (Right to Mine)
- Who benefits from mining approval decisions? (Revolving Doors)
- How ethical and fair is the process for opening land to mining? (Open Land)
You can also download a Global Snapshot on corruption risks in mining approvals.