In recent months, millions of people across North Africa and the Middle East have taken to the streets in protest against their governments. There are strong parallels with the Arab revolutions that a decade ago toppled some of the most repressive and corrupt regimes in the region. Whether Tunisia in 2010 or Lebanon and Sudan in 2019, people have been voicing their anger at the corruption they see and experience in their daily lives: from the highest levels of government to accessing basic public services.
The report, Global Corruption Barometer (GCB) -- Middle East and North Africa, reveals that one in five people who accessed public services, such as health care and education, paid a bribe in the previous year. This is equivalent to approximately 11 million people in the six countries surveyed. In addition, in Jordan, Lebanon and Palestine, more than a third of citizens or approximately 3.6 million people, also used their personal connections, or what is known regionally as wasta, to get the services they needed.
The GCB is one of the largest, most detailed surveys of citizens’ views on corruption and experiences of bribery in six countries across the region. In partnership with NAMA Strategic Intelligence Solutions, Statistics Lebanon, Qiyas Center for Polling and Afrobarometer, the GCB surveyed more than 6,600 citizens in the Middle East and North Africa. Fieldwork took place from August – October 2019 in Jordan, Lebanon and Palestine and from March-August 2018 in Tunisia, Morocco and Sudan.
Recent recommendations offer solutions that can be applied both in the region and around the world.
La necessità di trasparenza e responsabilità va oltre gli stessi sistemi sanitari.
A necessidade de transparência e responsabilização vai muito além dos sistemas de saúde propriamente ditos.
Sin embargo, los brotes pandémicos como el que vivimos actualmente con el COVID-19, exponen las deficiencias de nuestros sistemas de salud, especialmente los potenciales riesgos y oportunidades de corrupción -la corrupción puede disminuir la capacidad de respuesta a la pandemia y privar de asistencia sanitaria a muchas comunidades.
Sin embargo, la necesidad de transparencia y rendición de cuentas va más allá de los propios sistemas de salud.
لكن الحاجة إلى الشفافية والمساءلة تتجاوز فقط فرضها على الأنظمة الصحية.
The need for transparency and accountability during the COVID-19 pandemic goes beyond health systems.