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UNGASS 2021: Commit to transparency in company ownership for the common good

Hundreds of academics, civil society groups and business leaders call for the UN General Assembly to end anonymous shell companies.

Illustration showing a public official looking out from a generic company building window. There is a black bar in front of their eyes, to illustrate an unknown owner.

Illustration: Sheyda Sabetian

On International Anti-Corruption Day 2020, a group of leading economists, trade unions and civil society organisations tackling issues from human rights, to poverty, to business integrity, came together to call for an end to the abuse of anonymous companies.

Since then, more than 700 signatories from 120 countries have joined the call for the UN General Assembly Special Session against Corruption, UNGASS 2021, to commit all countries to set up central, public registers of beneficial ownership.

Transparency in company ownership is more than a technical solution to a problem. It is a matter of social justice.
700+ signatories from 120 countries


The UN General Assembly’s decision to hold a Special Session against Corruption in 2021 created a historic opportunity for the international community to address the global crisis of corruption.

The undersigned groups and individuals are united in the conviction that it is of the utmost urgency for the UNGASS 2021 to put an end to the abuse of anonymous companies and other legal vehicles that facilitate cross-border corruption and other crimes. We are calling on the UNGASS 2021 to commit to making centralised, public beneficial ownership registers a global standard.

Companies that exist only on paper, exploiting our legal systems and concealing their ultimate ownership, are tools for the diversion of critical resources needed to advance sustainable development and collective security.

For decades, as scandal after scandal has demonstrated, anonymous shell companies have been used to divert public funds, channel bribes and conceal ill-gotten gains, as part of corruption and money laundering schemes stretching across borders.

Beneficial ownership information – information on the natural persons who ultimately own, control or benefit from a legal vehicle – enables cross-border enforcement and the tracing of ill-gotten assets for confiscation and return. In public contracting processes, it helps in the detection of conflicts of interest and corruption. It also makes it easier for businesses to carry out due diligence, helps them know who their partners and customers are and meet reporting obligations.

A central, public register of companies and their ultimate beneficial owners – in addition to information on legal ownership and directors – is the most effective and practical way to record such information and facilitate timely access for all stakeholders.

We have come together to address government leaders currently preparing for UNGASS 2021 with one voice and one clear message: The “concise and action-oriented political declaration” to be adopted by the General Assembly should commit all countries to establish central, public registers of beneficial ownership as the new global standard. This should be supplemented with efforts to verify the collected information in order to ensure the accuracy and reliability of beneficial ownership data.

Transparency in company ownership is more than a technical solution to a problem. It is a matter of social justice.

Corruption devastates the lives of billions of people around the world, while its deadliness has become all the more evident during the COVID-19 pandemic and the climate crisis. With only ten years left to achieve the 2030 Agenda targets, we need decisive reforms to ensure that the resources needed to pay for critical public services such as schools and hospitals are not simply misappropriated and hidden away in tax havens or property markets abroad. Centralised, public registers of beneficial ownership as a global standard is precisely that kind of change.

The time for action is now.

The appeal is also available in French, Russian and Spanish.



Research centres

  1. Center for International Human Rights, Northwestern University Pritzker School of Law, United States
  2. Centre for Governance & Public Policy at Griffith University, Australia
  3. Centre for Peace and Justice, Brac University, Bangladesh
  4. Centre for the Study of Corruption, University of Sussex, United Kingdom
  5. Ecoforleaders School of Higher Training in Communion Leadership, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  6. International Centre for Tax and Development, University of Toronto, Canada
  7. International State Crime Initiative, Queen Mary University of London
  8. Transcrime, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy
  9. U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway


  1. Abiola Makinwa, The Hague University of Applied Sciences, Netherlands
  2. Adam Sneyd, University of Guelph, Canada
  3. Adriana Rosenfeld, Universidad Nacional de Luján, Argentina
  4. Ahmad Shukri Al Rimawi, University of Jordan (retired)
  5. Anne Marie Goetz, Center for Global Affairs at New York University, United States
  6. Antonina Voloshenko, National Defenсe University of Ukraine
  7. Ayfer Karayel, Galatasaray University, Turkey
  8. Azeddine Akesbi, Professor of Economics, Center of Education Planning (COPE), Morroco
  9. Bienvenido Ortega, Universidad de Málaga, Spain
  10. Brian Seville, Jilin University, Canada
  11. Bruce Kidd, University of Toronto, Canada
  12. Dalton Sardenberg, Fundação Dom Cabral, Brazil
  13. Daniel L. Feldman, John Jay College of Criminal Justice at City University of New York, United States
  14. Dominik Zaum, University of Reading, United Kingdom
  15. Eduard Ivanov, Higher School of Economics, Russia
  16. Elena Fernández Gascueña, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Spain
  17. Elisabetta Iossa, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy
  18. Emmanuel S. Caliwan, Polytechnic University of the Philippines
  19. Felix Dodds, Water Institute, University of North Carolina, United States
  20. Fernando Vera Smith, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  21. Gabriel Zucman, University of California, Berkeley, United States
  22. Georgios Antonopoulos, Teesside University, United Kingdom
  23. Gitte Heij, University of Melbourne, Australia
  24. Gordon Bailey, Capilano University (Emeritus), Canada
  25. Heather Marquette, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom
  26. Hugh Govan, School of Government, Development & International Affairs at University of the South Pacific, Fiji
  27. Ina Kubbe, Tel Aviv University, Israel
  28. Jean-Loup Chappelet, Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration at University of Lausanne, Switzerland
  29. Jean-Marc Gollier, University of Louvain, Belgium
  30. Jeevan Kumar, Centre for Ambedkar Studies at Bangalore University, India
  31. Jesús Vázquez García, Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla, Mexico
  32. Jiri Melich, KIMEP University (former), Kazakhstan
  33. John P. Pace, Faculty of Law at University of New South Wales and Sydney Centre for International Law at University of Sydney, Australia
  34. José Ugaz, Pontifical Catholic University, former Ad-Hoc State Attorney of Peru and former Chair of Transparency International, Peru
  35. Joses Kirigia, African Sustainable Development Research Consortium, Kenya
  36. Kevin I. J. Yeh, Shih Hsin University, Taiwan
  37. Kristian Lasslett, Ulster University, United Kingdom
  38. Laurie McGauley, Laurentian University, Canada
  39. Leonard J. Brooks, University of Toronto, Canada
  40. Liz David-Barrett, University of Sussex, United Kingdom
  41. Ljubomir Jacić, Technical College Požarevac (Emeritus), Serbia
  42. Louise Shelley, Terrorism Transnational Crime and Corruption Center, Schar School at George Mason University, United States
  43. Luís de Sousa, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa
  44. Martin Hearson, Institute of Development Studies, United Kingdom
  45. Martin Kreutner, International Anti-Corruption Academy (Dean Emeritus), Austria
  46. Matthew C. Stephenson, Harvard Law School
  47. Matthew H Murray, School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University, United States
  48. Mauricio Romo Flores, Universidad de Guanajuato, Mexico
  49. Michael Breen, Anti-Corruption Research Centre at Dublin City University, Ireland
  50. Michael Johnston, Charles A. Dana Professor of Political Science (emeritus) at Colgate University, United States
  51. Michael Keefer, University of Guelph (Emeritus), Canada
  52. Mick Moore, International Centre for Tax and Development, United Kingdom
  53. Mira Johri, Université de Montréal, Canada
  54. Miriam Estrada-Castillo, Universidad Casa Grande, Ecuador
  55. Miriam O'Regan, Professor Technological University Dublin, Ireland
  56. Moses Agaawena Amagnya, Staffordshire University, United Kingdom
  57. Muhittin Acar, Hacettepe University, Turkey
  58. Neila Chaabane, Faculty of Legal, Political and Social Sciences of Tunis
  59. Nikolay Naydenov, Sofia University "St. Climent Ohridski", Bulgaria
  60. Nikos Passas, Northeastern University
  61. Nils Finn Munch-Petersen, Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, Denmark
  62. Noemi Gal-Or, Kwantlen Polytechnic University (Emerita), Canada
  63. Omololu Fagbadebo, Durban University of Technology, South Africa
  64. Pablo Biderbost, Universidad Pontificia Comillas, Spain
  65. Pascale Hélène Dubois, Georgetown University Law Center, United States
  66. Patrick Bizimana, Adventist University of Central Africa, Rwanda
  67. Paul M Heywood, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom
  68. Paulinus Okoro, Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Nigeria
  69. Pawan Kumar Sinha, International Anti-Corruption Academy, Austria
  70. Prabhat Ranjan, University of Allahabad, India
  71. Professor Hannah Vowles, Birmingham City University, United Kingdom
  72. Richard Murphy, Sheffield University Management School, United Kingdom
  73. Robert Barrington, University of Sussex, United Kingdom
  74. Robert Gillanders, Anti-Corruption Research Centre at Dublin City University, Ireland
  75. Ronald Berenbeim, Leonard. N. Stern School of Business Administration at New York University, United States
  76. Shaazka Beyerle, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center, Schar School of Government and Policy at George Mason University, United States
  77. Sol Picciotto, International Centre for Tax and Development, United Kingdom
  78. Sophie Lemaître, University of Rennes 1, France
  79. Susan Rose-Ackerman, Yale University (Emeritus Professor of Law and Political Science), United States
  80. Suzana Md-Samsudi, Institut Kefahaman Islam Malaysia
  81. Tankie Khalanyane, National University of Lesotho
  82. Taryn Vian, University of San Francisco, United States
  83. Thomas Piketty, School of Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences, Paris School of Economics, France
  84. Thomas Pogge, Yale University, United States
  85. Vanessa van den Boogaard, International Centre for Tax and Development & University of Toronto, Canada
  86. Vitezslav Titl, Utrecht University, Netherlands


Companies & associations

  1. 4MM Consulting, Brazil
  2. Acosta Morales & Asociados, Ecuador
  3. Arborealis LEI AS, Norway
  4. Arcade Legal & Consulting Services, Albania
  5. Avi One Services, Canada
  6. Banka BioLoo Limited, India
  7. Blue Ridge Impact Consulting LLC, United States
  8. Border Paving Ltd., Canada
  9. Bulgarian Swiss Chamber of Commerce
  10. Business Integrity Alliance, Malaysia
  11. Cabot Capital Partners, Colombia
  12. Caribbean Office of Trade & Industrial Development Limited, Trinidad and Tobago
  13. Casinos Austria AG
  14. Clarke Quay Sàrl, Switzerland
  15. Corporación Inmobiliaria Vesta Sab de C.V., Mexico
  16. Corporate Research and Investigations Limited, United Kingdom
  17. CRV & Co, Mexico
  18. Deep Discovery, Inc., United States
  19. Dobel Farming and Trading Ltd, Papua New Guinea
  20. Droguerias Y Farmacias Cruz Verde, Colombia
  21. Ecco Advisors LLC, United States
  22. Entegritech Regulatory Compliance Solution LLP, India
  23. EVO GmbH, Germany
  24. Fair Tax Mark, United Kingdom
  25. FEXLAW, Ecuador
  26. Forum Chambers, United Kingdom
  27. Genc Myftiu, Albania
  28. Global Socio-Economic and Financial Evolution Network, Nigeria
  29. Gray Bay Consultants Limited, United Kingdom
  30. Havilah Company Limited, Uganda
  31. Heiwa Business International, Canada
  32. ICOTeam Europe, Germany
  33. Industrieconsult, Bulgaria
  34. Institut für Interne Revision Österreich, Austria
  35. Integrated Management Systems (IMS) S.r.l, Italy
  36. Integrity Sports India
  37. LexisNexis Risk Solutions, United Kingdom
  38. MECMAC Ltd, United Kingdom
  39. Multispin Tex Private Limited, India
  40. NIUGENE PNG Limited, Papua New Guinea
  41. Pacific 360 Pty Ltd, Australia
  42. PCR Law & Associates, Australia
  43. Pedro Azul B.V., Netherlands
  44. Planus do Brasil
  45. Procurement Integrity Consulting Services, United States
  46. PROMIS@Service Sàrl, Italy & Luxembourg
  47. R.U.R., LLC, Slovenia
  48. Raiffeisen Bank International AG, Austria
  49. Reboot Design, United States & Nigeria
  50. Red Horse Fruit Juice Manufacturer Sendirian Berhad, Malaysia
  51. Refinitiv
  52. Sarsenov's Corporate Governance Advisory, United States
  53. Servicios de Salud Mundial, S.A., Guatemala
  54. Sigma Risk, United Kingdom
  55. SIRA International Risk Advisors Inc., Canada
  56. SJM Online Retail Ltd, United Kingdom
  57. SKOL & SERNA, Colombia & United States
  58. Snam, Italy
  59. South Spain Properties
  60. Stream House AG, Switzerland
  61. Tamas Consultants Inc., Canada
  62. Telos Governance Advisers, United States
  63. Templeton Research Ltd, Hong Kong
  64. The Fairfax Group, United States
  65. The Vera Group, United States
  66. Trade Center of the Americas, United States
  67. UK Doorstep Choice Limited
  68. UNISHKA Research Service, United States
  69. VAPTECH Bulgaria
  70. Warrior Square Limited, United Kingdom
  71. Wealth-X, United States
  72. White Label Insights, Canada
  73. World Commodity Freight, United States


  1. Abdullah Mahmood, Service delivery professional, Canada
  2. Ali Asad N. Malik, Corporate lawyer and compliance specialist, Pakistan
  3. Andendekisye Mitala Mwakabalula, Executive Director of the Center for Fraud Research and Investigation, Tanzania
  4. Andrew John Fernbach, Lawyer and founder of GOVLAW, Australia
  5. Anthony Bennett, Public financial management consultant, United Kingdom
  6. Avedius Severine, Financial crime specialist, Tanzania
  7. Bronwyn Best, Ethics consultant, Canada
  8. Carla Fontanet, Compliance committee member at Pint Pharma, Austria
  9. Carlos Filipe Pereira Marques, Partner at Gecave – Contabilidade & Gestão, Portugal
  10. Christopher Stringham, Solution consultant manager, Austria
  11. Daniele Dai Zotti, Internal auditor, Italy
  12. Denis Meunier, Anti-money laundering consultant and former deputy director of Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre, Canada
  13. Eric Hansen, Principal consultant and founder of an investment consulting firm, United States
  14. Faisal Anwar, Independent consultant in compliance and ethics, Pakistan
  15. Fikret Sebilcioğlu, Managing partner at Cerebra CPAs & Advisors, Turkey
  16. Frank Thomas Heckeler, Business executive in the machinery and pharmaceutical industry, Germany & Brazil
  17. Gabriel Tavera Zafra, Chied executive officer at iSOSRisk S.A.S., Colombia
  18. Gabriela Cáceres Girón, Independent consultant, Peru
  19. Greg M. Bernstein, Founder of Grotto Networking, United States
  20. Hannes Bäck Hyldig, Anti-money laundering specialist, Denmark
  21. Ian Szlazak, Chief executive officer of Resolution House Inc., Canada
  22. Ingo Steinhaeuser, Director at Refinitiv
  23. Innocent Azih, Chief operating officer at Eko Carbon Exchange, Nigeria
  24. Ivan Georgiev Dimitrov, Compliance officer, United States
  25. James Wasserstrom, Director of the Wasserstrom Group, Greece
  26. Jean Pierre Chabot, Consultant and facilitator, Canada
  27. Joe Garett, Investment banker and principal at Garrett, McAuley & Co, United States
  28. John G Hudson, Engineer and aerospace and automotive industry auditor, United States
  29. Jorge Londoño Saldarriaga, Former president of Bancocolombia, Colombia
  30. José Manuel de Meireles Fontão Pereira, Manager at Ernst & Young, Portugal
  31. Justin Arnet Connidis, Former senior vice president at ClubLink Corporation, Chairman of Seprotech Corporation and General Counsel of Ontario Securities Commission, Canada
  32. Karl Stadler, Chief compliance officer, Austria
  33. Klaus Putzer, Chief editor at Compliance Praxis, Austria
  34. Learnmore Nyamudzanga, Tax consultant, Zimbabwe
  35. Lida Preyma, Director at Global AML Risk Management, Canada
  36. Manunatha Amaratunga, Certified Public Accountant, Sri Lanka
  37. Mario-Ricardo Calderon, Chief executive officer at Servicios de Salud Mundial, S.A., Guatemala
  38. Mark Moody-Stuart, Former chairman of Anglo-American PLC and the Committee of Managing Directors of the Royal Dutch Shell Group, United Kingdom
  39. Mark Morrison, Lawyer (white-collar crime and investigations), Canada
  40. Martha Hiriart legorreta, Anti-bribery & corruption manager in the financial industry, Mexico
  41. Márton Szegedi, Lawyer in the telecommunications industry, Hungary & Luxembourg
  42. Matthias Kopetzky, Forensic analyst, Austria
  43. Michael David Loewen, Anti-money laundering investigator, Canada
  44. Michał Zemelka, Chief executive officer at EnterSystem, Poland
  45. Muhammad Shahzad, Accountant, Pakistan
  46. Nigel Astbury, Chartered surveyor, United Kingdom
  47. Nuno Miguel Cunha Rolo, Legal adviser, co-founder and chief executive officer of AIGOV, Portugal
  48. Olabode Adewoye, Business executive, Nigeria
  49. Paul van Acker, Compliance specialist, Spain & Netherlands
  50. Paula van Egmond, Legal counsel and compliance officer, Netherlands
  51. Peter Dent, Partner at Deloitte LLP and former chair of Transparency International Canada
  52. Petro Louw, Financial crime compliance expert in the banking industry, South Africa
  53. Rasmus Engelbrecht, Regulatory affairs expert, Switzerland
  54. Rehan Ismail, Chartered accountant, Sri Lanka
  55. Sandro Rogério Onofre, Senior compliance manager in automotive industry, Brazil
  56. Shainul Bhanji, Certified Public Accountant, Tanzania
  57. Shirley Dann, Managing Director at Vibe Healthcare Ltd, United Kingdom
  58. Stephan H. Multhaupt, Entrepreneur and partner at Deep White, Germany
  59. Sterling Eddy, Business executive (retired), Canada
  60. Tafadzwa Luke Mupingashato, Financial crime expert, South Africa
  61. Tannuva Akbar, Compliance analyst, Canada
  62. Thomas Lüthi, Partner at Pohlmann & Company, Germany
  63. Thomas Mitro, President & COO, Aerie Pharmaceuticals, United States
  64. Trevor Casbolt, Compliance officer, Guernsey
  65. Yehuda Shaffer, Consultant in combatting money laundering and terrorist financing, Israel
  66. Yohan Favreau, Risk and compliance manager, France

Civil society & non-profit groups

Global & regional

  1. Academics Stand Against Poverty
  2. Access Info Europe
  3. Accountability Lab
  4. Africa Centre for Energy Policy
  5. Africa Centre for Open Governance
  6. Africa Freedom of Information Centre
  7. AfroLeadership
  8. Anti-Corruption Data Collective
  9. Anti-Corruption Trust of Southern Africa
  10. Article 19
  11. BankTrack
  12. Basel Institute on Governance
  13. BHP Foundation
  14. Brain Builders Youth Development Initiative, Nigeria
  15. Catholic Aid for Overseas Development (CAFOD)
  16. Center for Economic and Social Rights
  17. Centre for Civil and Political Rights, Switzerland
  18. Centre for Financial Crime and Security Studies, Royal United Services Institute (RUSI)
  19. Centre for Law and Democracy
  20. Civil Forum for Asset Recovery (CiFAR)
  21. Civil Society Platform for Peacebuilding and Statebuilding
  22. Democracy Reporting International
  23. Development Gateway
  24. Directorio Legislativo
  25. East African Community Youth Ambassadors Platform
  26. European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR)
  27. Financial Transparency Coalition
  28. Fisheries Transparency Initiative (FiTI)
  29. Footprints Africa
  30. Forum for Women and Development (FOKUS), Norway
  31. Global Financial Integrity
  32. Global Forum for Media Development
  33. Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime
  34. Global Integrity
  35. Global Organization of Parliamentarians Against Corruption (GOPAC)
  36. Global Policy Forum
  37. Global Witness
  38. Government Transparency Institute
  39. Human Rights Watch
  40. Humanist Institute for Cooperation with Developing Countries (HIVOS)
  41. Integrity Initiatives International
  42. Inter Pares
  43. International Lawyers Project
  44. International Service for Human Rights, Switzerland
  45. International Trade Union Confederation
  46. Latindadd
  47. Luminate
  48. mySociety
  49. Natural Resource Governance Institute
  50. OECD Watch
  51. ONE Campaign
  52. Open Contracting Partnership
  53. Open Data Charter
  54. Open Ownership
  55. OpenCorporates
  56. Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP)
  57. Oxfam International
  58. Pacific Islands Association of Non-Governmental Organisations
  59. Partnership for Transparency Fund
  60. Publish What You Pay
  61. Results for Development (R4D), United States
  62. Shadow World Investigations
  63. Sisters of Charity Federation of North America
  64. Tax Justice Network
  65. Tax Justice Network Africa
  66. Technologies for Accountability Foundation
  67. The B Team
  68. The Sentry
  69. Trade Union Advisory Council to the OECD
  70. Traidcraft Exchange
  71. Transparency International
  72. Transparency International EU
  73. Transparency, Accountability & Participation (TAP) Network
  74. UNCAC Coalition
  75. Uzbek Asset Return Network
  76. Water Integrity Network
  77. Wildlife Justice Commission
  78. World Animal Protection
  79. World Economic Forum Global Future Council on Transparency & Anti-Corruption
  80. World Roma Federation


  1. Angelika Prokop-Grey, Anti-corruption, compliance and ethics expert, Poland
  2. Bill Orme, Media freedom advocate and expert, United Kingdom
  3. Bre Smith, Artist, Ireland
  4. Bruce Hamilton Moore, Former director of International Land Coalition, Canada
  5. Daniel M. Walyemera, Lawyer, Uganda
  6. Daniel McElroy, Lawyer, United States
  7. Daniel Riuz, Human rights researcher, Italy
  8. Danna Ester Hernández Alvarado, Civic activist, Honduras
  9. Delia Ferreira Rubio, Chair of Transparency International, Argentina
  10. Delois Blakely, Founder of the New Future Foundation, United States
  11. Diego José Torres Saldaña, Lawyer, Ecuador
  12. Edward Ahangama, Lawyer, Sri Lanka
  13. Ella Ndikumana, Chair of Transparency International Burundi
  14. Fabiano Angélico, International asset recovery consultant, Brazil
  15. Fleury Rakotomalala, Investigative journalist, Madagascar
  16. Gary Pienaar, Advocate of the High Court, South Africa
  17. Guillermo Vargas Ayala, Attorney, Colombia
  18. Gustavo Izquierdo, Anti-corruption specialist, Colombia
  19. Hashim Awad Abdelmageed, Lawyer, Sudan
  20. Herbert Rauch, Director of the Institute of Social Analysis, Austria
  21. Herman Savenije, Sustainable forest management expert, Netherlands
  22. Iman Mirzazadeh, Lawyer, Iran & Sweden
  23. Ion Nastas, Anti-corruption expert, Moldova
  24. Jaime Adrián Arreola Varela, Director General at Durango's Municipal Institute of Youth, Mexico
  25. Jairo Morales, President of Fundación Fin Social, Colombia
  26. Joachim F. Reuter, Author and public speaker on ethics, Croatia & Germany
  27. John Githongo, Anti-corruption activist and former executive director of Transparency International Kenya
  28. José Salvador González Cervantes, Researcher at Comunidad PIRC/CIDE, Mexico
  29. Juanita Olaya Garcia, Governance and sustainability expert, Colombia & Germany
  30. Karen Glossop, Communications and leadership consultant, Canada & United Kingdom
  31. Karna Nepali, Country programs manager at Raleigh International, Nepal
  32. Kevin Joseph Comeau, Lawyer, Canada
  33. Kim Gleeson, Director of Universal Human Rights Network, Australia
  34. Laurence Cockcroft, Co-founder of Transparency International, United Kingdom
  35. Léa Kulinowski, Legal officer in corporate accountability, France
  36. Lilliam Arrieta de Carsana, Legal researcher and law professor at Universidad Centroamericana José Simeón Cañas, El Salvador
  37. Linnea Mills, Anti-corruption researcher, Sweden & United Kingdom
  38. Malika Aït-Mohamed Parent, Anti-Corruption Expert, Algeria
  39. Mario G Picon, International development expert, Peru & United States
  40. Mark Pyman, Founder of Curbing Corruption, United Kingdom
  41. Maxe Fisher, Artist, Canada
  42. Mirna Galic, Security expert, Japan & United States
  43. Mona Hafez, Migration expert, Germany & Senegal
  44. Muleka Kamanisha, Trade union researcher, Zambia
  45. Nicholas Keith Staite, Former Crown Prosecutor, United Kingdom
  46. Nicholas Smyrnios, Artist, Greece & Sweden
  47. Obiageli Ezekwesili, #FixPolitics Initiative, Nigeria
  48. Olumide Gabriel Areo, Nigerian Students' Accountability Network
  49. Paul Reid, Former trade union official, Australia
  50. Peter Eigen, Founder of Transparency International, Germany
  51. Rainer Bührer, Former assistant director of anti-corruption at Interpol and chief executive officer at KhanyisaNow Ltd, Germany
  52. Rakesh Raman, Journalist and founder of a humanitarian organisation, India
  53. Reynaldo Castro Melgarejo, Anti-corruption investigator, Mexico
  54. Richard E. Messick, Global Anticorruption Blog, United States
  55. Rob Davidson, Open data advocate, Canada
  56. Robert Davidson, Member of the Open Government Multi-Stakeholder Forum, Canada
  57. Roberto Júlio Tibana, Economist, Mozambique
  58. Rochelle Rocain Dean, Executive director of Civil Society Bahamas
  59. Rubén Darío León Pineda, Anti-corruption researcher, Colombia
  60. Santiago Wortman Jofre, Lawyer, Argentina
  61. Sarah Steingrüber, Global health expert, Germany
  62. Stephan Klaus Ohme, Financial expert, Germany
  63. Stuart Hendin, Legal expert, Canada
  64. Taher Al-Hatef, Anti-corruption researcher, Yemen
  65. Vitor Manuel Ribeiro Sequeira Neves, Litigation lawyer, Portugal
  66. Wayne Copeland, Community activist, Canada
  67. William Bourdon, Lawyer, founder of Sherpa and president of the Platform of Protection of Whistleblowers in Africa (PPLAAF), France
  68. Wolfgang Keck, Senior advisor at the Digital Society Austria and Institute of Internal Auditors, Austria
  69. Zia Hashmi, Anti-corruption expert, Pakistan


  1. Accountability Lab Nigeria
  2. Action Mines Guinée
  3. ADRA Deutschland
  4. Advocating Rights in South Asia (Arisa), Netherlands
  5. Afghan Youth Empowerment Civil Society
  6. African Children and Youth Development Network, Liberia
  7. Albanian Center for Economic Research
  8. Albanian Socio-Economic Think Tank
  9. ANTICOR, France
  10. Anti-corruption Action Centre (ANTAC), Ukraine
  11. Asia Pacific Entrepreneur Associate Chamber of Commerce, Malaysia
  12. Asociación Civil por la Igualdad y la Justicia, Argentina
  13. Associação Angolana de Ética e Sustentabilidade (AAES), Angola
  14. Association de Développement Agricole Educatif et Sanitaire de Manono, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  15. Association Femmes Action Développement, Algeria
  16. Association for Farmers Rights Defense, Georgia
  17. Association for Human Rights in Central Asia, France
  18. Association For Promotion Sustainable Development, India
  19. Association of Public Officials in North Macedonia
  20. ATRAHDOM, Guatemala
  21. AWTAD Anti-Corruption Organization, Yemen
  22. B.A.U.M. Network for Sustainable Business, Germany
  23. Badhon Manob Unnayan Sangstha, Bangladesh
  24. Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio and Communication
  25. Basic Rights Watch, Nigeria
  26. Better Education For All Befa Foundation Pakistan
  27. Both ENDS, Netherlands
  28. Botswana Centre for Public Integrity
  29. Brain Sluice Africa Child's, South Africa
  30. Bruno Manser Fonds, Switzerland
  31. Building Blocks for Peace Foundation, Nigeria
  32. CAFSO-WRAG for Development, Nigeria
  33. Canadian Centre of Excellence for Anti-Corruption (CCEAC)
  34. Canadian Coalition for Global Health Research
  35. Canadians for Tax Fairness
  36. Caucasus Research Resource Center Armenia Foundation, Armenia
  37. CBCP Caritas Filipinas Foundation
  38. Center for Fiscal Transparency and Integrity Watch, Nigeria
  39. Center for Investigative Reporting (CIN), Bosnia and Herzegovina
  40. Center for Peace Education and Community Development, Nigeria
  41. Center for the Study of Democracy, Bulgaria
  42. Center to Combat Corruption and Cronyism (C4 Center), Malaysia
  43. Centre de Recherche sur l'Anti-Corruption, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  44. Centre for Community Mobilization and Support NGO, Armenia
  45. Centre for Natural Resources Governance, Zimbabwe
  46. Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), Netherlands
  47. Centre for Transparency Advocacy, Nigeria
  48. Centre for Youth and Children's Affairs, Malawi
  49. Centre pour la de défense des Droits de l'Homme et Démocratie (CDHD), Democratic Republic of Congo
  50. Centre Régional Africain pour le Développement Endogène et Communautaire, Cameroon
  51. Centre Stratégique Pour La Promotion De Développement Durable, Tunisia
  52. Centro de Estudos para a Paz e Desenvolvimento, Timor-Leste
  53. Centro de Teatro do Oprimido do Maputo, Mozambique
  54. CET Platform, North Macedonia
  55. CEYWI (21st Century Community Empowerment for Youth and Women Initiative), Nigeria
  56. Chandler Foundation, United States
  57. Child Vision Sri Lanka
  58. Children and Young People Living for Peace, Nigeria
  59. Civil Liberties Organisation, Nigeria
  60. Civil Pole for Development and Human Rights, Tunisia
  61. Civil Society Coalition on Sustainable Development, Nigeria
  62. Coalition for Integrity, United States
  63. Colegio de Contralores Municipales del Estado de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Mexico
  64. Colores del Rincón A.C., Mexico
  65. Committee to Protect Freedom of Expression, Armenia
  66. Community Development Initiative, Nigeria
  67. Community Initiatives for Development Pakistan
  68. Compass Research, Training and Consultancy Center, Armenia
  69. Conférence Episcopale Nationale du Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  70. Consolation East Africa, Kenya
  71. Constitution Research Foundation, Azerbaijan
  72. Cooperation and Development Institute, Albania
  73. Cyber Policy Centre, Kenya
  74. Derechos Humanos y Litigio Estratégico Mexicano
  75. Development & Integrity Intervention Goal Foundation, Nigeria
  76. Digital Democracy Project at Demand Progress Educational Fund, United States
  77. EcoLur Informational NGO, Armenia
  78. El-Aged Care, Nigeria
  79. Elegia, Armenia
  80. Empower India
  81. Environmental Investigation Agency, United States
  82. ePaństwo Foundation
  83. Euro-Mediterranean Economists Association, Spain
  84. Expert Forum, Romania
  85. Fairfood International, Netherlands
  86. Finnwatch, Finland
  87. Foundation Open Society Macedonia
  88. Freedom Forum Nepal
  89. Freedom of Information Center of Armenia
  90. Fundación Agenda Ciudadana, Chile
  91. Fundación de Estudios Avanzados de Buenos Aires (Fundabaires), Argentina
  92. Fundación del Empresariado Yucateco A.C., Mexico
  93. Fundación para la Democracia Internacional, Argentina
  94. Fundación SES, Argentina
  95. Gambia Participates
  96. Gestos – soropositividade comunicação e gênero, Brazil
  97. Global Peace and Development Organization, Liberia
  98. Global Youth for Biodiversity Network, Mexico
  99. Government Accountability Project, United States
  100. Government Information Watch, United States
  101. Green Pretzel, Mexico
  102. Guyana Human Rights Association
  103. Hawai'i Institute for Human Rights, United States
  104. Helsinki Citizens Assembly Vanadzor, Armenia
  105. Huqooq-ul-Ebad Development Foundation, Pakistan
  106. Improve Your Society Organization (IYSO), Yemen
  107. Indonesia Corruption Watch
  108. Institute for Democracy and Mediation, Albania
  109. Institute for Democracy Societas Civilis Skopje, North Macedonia
  110. Institute for Democratic Action & Development, Liberia
  111. Institute for Development Research and Alternatives, Albania
  112. Instituto de Comunicación y Desarrollo, Uruguay
  113. Integrity Florida Institute, United States
  114. International Center for Transitional Justice, United States
  115. International Centre for Ethnic Studies, Sri Lanka
  116. International Movement for Advancement of Education Culture Social & Economic Development, India
  117. International NGO Forum on Indonesian Development
  118. Inuka Kenya Nisisi
  119. Iraqi Journalists Rights Defence Association
  120. Jordan Transparency Center
  121. Junior Chamber International Botswana
  122. Kindernothilfe (KNH), Germany
  123. Kleptocracy Initiative, United States
  124. K-Monitor, Hungary
  125. Labco Innovación SAS, Colombia
  126. Lady Lawyer Foundation, Italy
  127. Lanka Fundamental Rights Organization, Sri Lanka
  128. Last Hope Foundation, United States
  129. Law Development and Protection Foundation, Armenia
  130. Leadership for Equity and Development Initiative, Nigeria
  131. Literate Pakistan Program
  132. Mampivoatsy, Madagascar
  133. Martuni Women's Community Council, Armenia
  134. Maryknoll Office for Global Concerns, United States
  135. Medical IMPACT, Mexico
  136. Mining Shared Value, Canada
  137. MiningWatch Canada
  138. MY World México
  139. Nakororiki Youth Association, Vanuatu
  140. Namibia Institute for Democracy
  141. National Campaign for Sustainable Development, Nepal
  142. National Integrity Action, Jamaica
  143. Natural Resources Justice Network, Malawi
  144. Neighbourhood Environment Watch Foundation, Nigeria
  145. Netzwerk Steuergerechtigkeit, Germany
  146. NGO Advisor, South Africa
  147. NGO Computer Literacy Shelter Welfare Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  148. Noble Delta Women for Peace and Development, Nigeria
  149. Nyan Lynn Thit Analytica, Myanmar
  150. Observatorio Ciudadano de Transparencia Fiscal, Costa Rica
  151. Observatorio de Responsabilidad Social Corporativa, Spain
  152. Ohaha Family Foundation, Nigeria
  153. Onshor Tunisia
  154. Open Myanmar Initiative
  155. Open Society Foundation, Serbia
  156. Open State Foundation, Netherlands
  157., Slovakia
  158. OpenUp Ukraine
  159. Our Lady of Perpetual Help Initiative, Nigeria
  160. Oyu Tolgoi Watch, Mongolia
  161. Palestinian Consultative Staff for Developing NGOs
  162. Parliament Watch Italia
  163. Paung Ku, Myanmar
  164. People's Forum on Democracy and Good Governance, Kenya
  165. Philippine Society of Criminology
  166. PIVJET International, Cameroon
  167. PLAY!YA, Germany
  168. Polaris, United States
  169. Policy Alert, Nigeria
  170. Polish Institute for Human Rights and Business
  171. Progress of Gyumri, Armenia
  172. Project on Government Oversight (POGO), United States
  173. Proyecto Concentrarte A.C., Mexico
  174. Public Affairs Research Institute, South Africa
  175. Public Eye, Switzerland
  176. Public Journalism Club NGO, Armenia
  177. Publish What You Pay Canada
  178. Rainbow Warriors Core Foundation, Aruba
  179. Raise Your Voice Saint Lucia
  180. Reboot GB, United Kingdom
  181. Red Ciudadana por el Desarrollo Sostenible, Mexico
  182. Red Iberoamericana, El Derecho Informático, Argentina
  183. Red Line Art Works, United Kingdom
  184. Rencontre pour la Paix et les Droits de l' Homme, Congo
  185. Réseau Foi & Justice Afrique – Europe antenne France
  186. Réseau Ressources Naturelles, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  187. Restart Scientific-Educational Foundation, Armenia
  188. Rights and Accountability in Development (RAID), United Kingdom
  189. Rural Infrastructure and Human Resource development Organization (RIHRDO), Pakistan
  190. SEE Change Net Foundation, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  191. SERAC, Bangladesh
  192. Sherpa, France
  193. Silambam Asia, Malaysia
  194. Single Mothers Association of Kenya
  195. Social Justice, Côte d'Ivoire
  196. Social Watch Benin
  197. Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP), Nigeria
  198. Solidarité pour le Développement et les Initiatives de Santé Publique (SOLIDIS), Cameroon
  199. Spitak Helsinki Group, Armenia
  200. Spotlight on Corruption, United Kingdom
  201. Step Up Nigeria
  202. Stichting Mission Lanka, Netherlands
  203. Success Capital Organisation, Botswana
  204. Syndicat Chrétien des Travailleurs du Congo, Congo
  205. Tax Justice Coalition Ghana
  206. The Daphne Caruana Galizia Foundation, Malta
  207. The People's Project, Ghana
  208. The Workers' Assistance Center, Philippines
  209. Tojil Estrategia contra la impunidad, Mexico
  210. Transparency International Afghanistan
  211. Transparency International Argentina (Poder Ciudadano)
  212. Transparency International Armenia
  213. Transparency International Australia
  214. Transparency International Austria
  215. Transparency International Azerbaijan
  216. Transparency International Bahrain (Bahrain Transparency Society)
  217. Transparency International Bangladesh
  218. Transparency International Brazil
  219. Transparency International Cambodia
  220. Transparency International Cameroon
  221. Transparency International Canada
  222. Transparency International Colombia
  223. Transparency International Costa Rica (Asociación Costa Rica Íntegra)
  224. Transparency International Costa Rica (Costa Rica Integra)
  225. Transparency International Czech Republic
  226. Transparency International DRC (Ligue Congolaise de Lutte contre la Corruption, LICOCO)
  227. Transparency International Ecuador (Fundación Ciudadanía y Desarrollo)
  228. Transparency International El Salvador (Fundación Nacional para el Desarrollo, FUNDE)
  229. Transparency International Estonia
  230. Transparency International France
  231. Transparency International Georgia
  232. Transparency International Germany
  233. Transparency International Ghana (Ghana Integrity Initiative)
  234. Transparency International Guyana
  235. Transparency International Honduras (Asociación para una Sociedad más Justa, ASJ)
  236. Transparency International Indonesia
  237. Transparency International Ireland
  238. Transparency International Israel
  239. Transparency International Italy
  240. Transparency International Jordan (Rasheed for Integrity and Transparency)
  241. Transparency International Kenya
  242. Transparency International Korea
  243. Transparency International Kyrgyzstan
  244. Transparency International Latvia (DELNA)
  245. Transparency International Lebanon (Lebanese Transparency Association, LTA)
  246. Transparency International Liberia (Center for Transparency and Accountability)
  247. Transparency International Lithuania
  248. Transparency International Macedonia
  249. Transparency International Madagascar
  250. Transparency International Maldives
  251. Transparency International Mauritius
  252. Transparency International Mexico
  253. Transparency International Mongolia
  254. Transparency International Montenegro (MANS)
  255. Transparency International Morocco
  256. Transparency International Mozambique (Centro de Integridade Pública)
  257. Transparency International Nepal
  258. Transparency International Netherlands
  259. Transparency International New Zealand
  260. Transparency International Niger (ANLC)
  261. Transparency International Nigeria (Civil Society Legislative Advocacy Centre, CISLAC)
  262. Transparency International Pakistan
  263. Transparency International Palestine (Coalition for Accountability and Integrity, AMAN)
  264. Transparency International Panama (Fundación para el Desarrollo de la Libertad Ciudadana)
  265. Transparency International Peru (Proética)
  266. Transparency International Portugal
  267. Transparency International Romania
  268. Transparency International Russia
  269. Transparency International Sierra Leone
  270. Transparency International Slovenia
  271. Transparency International Spain
  272. Transparency International Sri Lanka
  273. Transparency International Sweden
  274. Transparency International Switzerland
  275. Transparency International Togo (Alliance Nationale Consommateurs et de l'environnement, ANCE)
  276. Transparency International Trinidad and Tobago
  277. Transparency International U.S. Office
  278. Transparency International UK
  279. Transparency International Ukraine
  280. Transparency International Vanuatu
  281. Transparency International Zimbabwe
  282. UK Anti-Corruption Coalition
  283. Unified Media Council of Pakistan
  284. Union Syndicale des Agriculteurs, Togo
  285. United Youth for Growth and Development, Nigeria
  286. United Youth for Growth and Development, Nigeria
  287. Uniting Church in Australia, Synod of Victoria and Tasmania, Australia
  288. Uva Shakthi Foundation, Sri Lanka
  289. Veille Citoyenne Togo
  290. Willow Empowerment For Grass Root Development Initiative, Nigeria
  291. WIN WIN Gothenburg Sustainability Award, Sweden
  292. Women in Extractives, Nigeria
  293. Women's Fund Armenia, Armenia
  294. Women's Resource Center, Armenia
  295. Young Professional Development Society Nepal
  296. Your Public Value, Germany
  297. Youth for Tax Justice Network, Uganda
  298. Youth in Technology and Arts Network, Liberia
  300. Zentrum für Mission und Ökumene – Nordkirche weltweit, Germany

Public sector


  1. Benjamin Reyes Trigueros, Comptroller at City of Pueblo Viejo, Mexico
  2. D K Srinivas, Principal commissioner of customs, Visakhapatnam, India
  3. Daniel Ming-Chak Li, Former deputy commissioner at Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC), Hong Kong
  4. David K. Akoi, Director of Internal Audit Agency, Liberia
  5. Diana Cristina Agudelo Henao, Compliance officer at Hospital General de Medellín, Colombia
  6. Elena Konceviciute, Senior anti-corruption adviser, Lithuania & Belgium
  7. Erinomo Temitope Olubunmi, Anti-money laundering compliance monitoring officer with a government institution, Nigeria
  8. Jon Ramberg, Diplomat (retired), Norway
  9. Juan Manuel López Nadal, Diplomat (retired), Spain
  10. Lisa Kubiske, Diplomat (retired), United States
  11. Mallika Mahajan, Chief commissioner, India
  12. Mohammed Ahmed Basunbul, Senior auditor at Central Organization for Control and Accounting, Yemen
  13. Otto Reiners, Member of Münster City Council, Germany
  14. Paula Alexis, Public official (former), Trinidad and Tobago
  15. Rajendran Kamalakannan, Chief vigilance officer at Cochin Shipyard Limited, India
  16. Roy John Cullen, Former parliamentarian (Etobicoke North) and member of GOPAC Anti-Money Laundering Global Task Force, Canada
  17. Samuel Kwadwo Boaten Asante, Former chairman of the Ghana Arbitration Centre and former president of the Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences
  18. Sarah Hechavarria, Former manager of economic development for indigenous and northern affairs, Canada
  19. Thomas C. Marshall Q.C., Former public servant (Ontario) and former Director of Transparency International Canada
  20. Yen-Hung Lin, Office of Housing Development, Taoyuan City Government, Taiwan


  1. Anti-Corruption Commission of Maldives
  2. City Council of Ciudad Valles, Mexico
  3. Deposit Insurance Corporation, Liquidity Fund and Private Insurance Fund (COSEDE), Ecuador
  4. Libya Asset Recovery and Management Office
  5. Namibia Anti-Corruption Commission
  6. SME Corporation Papua New Guinea
  7. Westminster Foundation for Democracy, United Kingdom

Published: 9 December 2020, 9:00 AM CET; last update: 24 February 2021, 9:00 AM CET.