Foreign bribery is not an abstract phenomenon; it has huge consequences for both the payer and recipient. Money lost to foreign bribes creates significant economic repercussions, triggers unfair competitive advantages and results in fewer public services for the people who need them most.
Exporting Corruption is a research report that rates the performance of 47 leading global exporters, including 43 countries that are signatories of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Anti-Bribery Convention, and shows how well – or poorly – countries are enforcing the rules.
More than 20 years after the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention was adopted, our research shows nearly half of world exports come from countries that fail to punish foreign bribery.
This includes half of all G20 countries and 8 of the top 15 global exporters. Only 4 countries actively enforce against foreign bribery.
Enforcement of foreign bribery laws among most OECD countries is shockingly low, with 34 countries demonstrating limited or little to no enforcement. These countries make up approximately 46 per cent of all global exports.
About the report
This is the thirteenth edition of Exporting Corruption, which has been produced since 2005.
The 47 countries reviewed are responsible for more than 80 per cent of world exports. From 2016 – 2019, these countries opened 421 investigations and 93 cases, and closed 244 cases with sanctions, including 125 with substantial sanctions.
For the second time, the report evaluates China, the world’s largest exporter, as well as India, Singapore and Hong Kong SAR, which are each responsible for more than two per cent of global exports.
While not signatories of the OECD Convention, China, Singapore, India and Hong Kong SAR are part of the UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), which also calls for enforcement against foreign bribery.