Today, international financier and philanthropist George Soros will launch a call to governments across the globe for transnational resource extraction companies to 'Publish what they pay'. Mr. Soros has teamed up with a coalition of over 30 NGOs to insist that oil, gas and mining companies must publish net taxes, fees, royalties and other payments as a condition for being listed on international stock exchanges and financial markets. The coalition includes Amnesty International, CAFOD, Christian Aid, Friends of the Earth, Global Witness, Oxfam, Save the Children and Transparency International.
Relying on companies to disclose information voluntarily has so far failed because they fear being undermined by less scrupulous competitors. The campaign calls for mandatory disclosure backed by legislation so that citizens in developing countries are able to call their governments to account over management of resource revenue
Speaking at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) on the same day as the G7 Finance Ministers Meeting, Mr. Soros said, “Secrecy over state revenues encourages ruling elites to mismanage and misappropriate money rather than invest in long-term development. What we want is very simple: G7 Governments should require transnational resource companies to disclose what they pay for the products of the individual countries in which they operate. This is a real chance to promote good fiscal governance and help tackle worldwide poverty.”
Save the Children UK director Mike Aaronson said, “Today’s call is a major step in the campaign to combat corruption and child poverty. Much of the foreign investment in the world’s least developed countries is in the oil, mining and gas sector. By reporting in those countries on the revenues they pay governments, companies uphold public financial accountability and help create the enabling environment for successful development and child poverty reduction.”
Simon Taylor, director of the Nobel Prize nominated NGO Global Witness, argued that getting companies to publish what they pay is central to tackling vested economic interests in many conflicts where political and economic disorder from fighting is used as a cover to plunder resource revenues. He said, “Our investigations in war-torn Angola suggest that at least US$1 billion every year for the last five years – about one-third of state income – went missing from the government’s coffers, most of which came from oil. If companies like ChevronTexaco and TotalfinaElf do not reveal how much money they are paying, then it is impossible for Angolan citizens to find out how much is missing.”
Mr Julius Ihonvbere from the Africa Centre for Constitutional Development in Nigeria highlighted how unaccountable oil revenues were central to propping up Abacha’s reign of terror: “In Africa, we face a situation where billions of dollars from oil, mining and gas revenues go missing leaving us dependent on international assistance to feed our people. If governments make the bold step to support this campaign, it
has the potential to bring huge improvements to the health and development of the people living in many of the countries in the region. After all, you cannot manage what you cannot measure”.
Notes to Editors:
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The international launch of the Publish What You Pay Appeal will be held in London, 13 JUNE 10:00 am at International Institute for Strategic Studies, Arundel House, 13 - 15 Arundel Street, Temple Place, WC1.
The 'Publish What You Pay' coalition consists of:
Acção para o Desenvolvimento, Pesquisa e Cooperação Internacional (Angola)
African Oil Policy Initiative Group
Africa Centre for Constitutional Development (Nigeria)
Agência Ecuménica para o Desenvolvimento Social em Angola (Angola)
Association Algerienne de Lutte contre la Corruption (Algeria)
Association Burundaise des Consommateurs (Burundi)
Association Nigerienne de Lutte contre la Corruption (Niger)
Amnesty International, UK
Botswana Council of NGOs (Bocongo, Botswana)
Bureau on Human Rights and Rule of Law (Kyrgyzstan)
CEE Bankwatch Network (Czech Republic), Petr Hlobil
Centre for Social Development of Cambodia (Cambodia)
Center for Economic and Social Rights (USA)
Concern for Development Initiatives in Africa (Tanzania)
Environmental Defense (US)
Fatal Transactions (Belgium)
Forest Peoples Programme (UK)
Forum Civil (Senegal)
Forum Voor Vredesactie (Belgian affiliate of War Resisters' International)
Friends of the Earth, UK & US
Human Rights Watch
Iniciativa Angolana Antimilitarista para os Direitos Humanos (Angola/Germany)
Intermon Oxfam (Spain)
Journalists in Need (Kyrgyzstan)
Lawyers' Environmental Action Team (Tanzania)
Liga Jubileu 2000 Angola (Coalition Jubilee 2000 Angola) (Angola)
Medico Internacional (Germany)
Mineral Policy Institute (Australia)
National Women's Lobby Group (Zambia)
Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa
Network for African Peace Builders (Zambia)
Niza (Netherlands/South Africa)
Open Society Network
Operation Young Vote (Zambia)
Partnership Africa Canada
Public Service Accountability Monitor (South Africa)
Save the Children (UK)
Tanzania Association of NGOs (TANGO, Tanzania)
United Nations Association
Wassa Association of Communities Affected by Mining (Ghana)
The coalition is calling on the G7 nations to take leadership and promote transparency over resource revenues worldwide. A central action will be for stock market regulators to require resource companies to report net payments to all national governments as a condition for being listed.
Mandated payment disclosure would:
- Level the playing field between competitors, preventing more principled and transparent companies from being undercut by their less scrupulous competitors.
- Eliminate concerns about confidentiality clauses gagging companies publishing payment data. Such contracts contain a ‘get-out’ clause exempting information that must be disclosed due to regulatory requirements from confidentiality.
- Address the problem of non-transparency in all countries of operation.
- Depoliticise the issue of payment disclosure in authoritarian regimes and allow companies greater freedom of responsible behaviour. Publishing what is paid to such regimes is likely to have a knock-on effect of encouraging greater transparency and fiscal governance by default.
- Eliminate a major international double standard between levels of transparency in the developed and developing countries.
- Involve minimal associated costs. Companies already know what they pay for internal accounting purposes.
- Incorporate all the major players in the resource sector.
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