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National Integrity System Assessment Italy (executive summary)
The National Integrity System (NIS) assessment approach provides a framework which anti-corruption organisations can use to analyse both the extent and causes of corruption in a given country as well as the effectiveness of national anti-corruption efforts. Italy's National Integrity System is far from robust, with an average NIS score of 55.04%. Corruption is able to flourish almost everywhere, as state institutions enjoy considerable autonomy, which does not correspond to standards of accountability and integrity. The report shows that it easy to circumvent mechanisms put in place to protect integrity by taking advantage of complex regulation, difficult access to information, and poor evaluation systems. Many governance institutions – in particular the Executive, Legislative and Judicial powers, as well as the Media – have been affected by conflict of interest.