Research on avoiding corruption in large-scale land based investments in Africa
Application Closing Date - 18 Jun 2018
Job Start Date - July / August 2018
Duration - July / August to December 2018
Location - remote with travel
Transparency International (TI) is the global civil society organisation leading the fight against corruption. Through more than 100 chapters worldwide and an international secretariat in Berlin, Germany, TI raises awareness of the damaging effects of corruption and works with partners in government, business and civil society to develop and implement effective measures to tackle it.
The Transparency International Secretariat (TI-S) in Berlin is seeking a consultant to conduct research on “avoiding corruption in large scale land based investments (LSLBI) in Africa.”
As an integral part of its strategic priorities, TI works on the promotion of social accountability to counter corruption. This consists of working on a number of thematic areas including land corruption.
Around the world, one in five people report that they have paid a bribe for land services during the last years; in Africa, every second client of land administration services was affected (Global Corruption Barometer, TI 2013). At the same time, land developers and speculators specifically target countries with weak governance (Poor Governance, Good Business, Oxfam, 2013), and together with local elites they can contribute to illicit and corrupt land transactions and increasing state capture (Corruption and Large-Scale Land Acquisitions, Global Witness, 2012). This marginalizes local populations further and consequently results in poverty, hunger, and conflict (Corruption in the Land Sector, TI with FAO, Working Paper #04/2011).
Since 2015, TI has been implementing a programme that addresses land related corruption mainly in Africa. TI’s Land and Corruption in Africa Programme is guided by the vision of guaranteeing the maintenance and development of land and tenure-based prosperity for men and women of all generations equally, respecting the dimensions of stewardship and socio-cultural relationships to land, and taking into consideration the special needs and rights of ethnic minorities, for sustainable and inclusive development and growth. The Programme’s overall goal is to contribute to improved livelihoods of men and women adversely affected by corrupt practices in land administration and in land deals, through enhanced security of tenure and equitable and fair access to land. Currently, ten TI National Chapters in Africa participate in the programme, while the TI Secretariat holds a coordinating role.
In the framework of the programme, TI wants to find out what incentivizes the private sector not to engage in corruption when investing in large-scale land based agricultural production projects in Africa.
Identifying concrete corruption risks as well as good practice responses that can prevent corruption and counteract the corruption risks in LSLBI will allow TI, other civil society actors, policy and decision makers in the public and the private sectors, as well as international donors to advocate for ending this corruption, and to take concrete measures to prevent it.
It is assumed that corruption in local land administration and at grand level between investors and local elites favors “land grabs” and state capture and marginalizes local populations. In addition, it is assumed that a lack of dependable information on land tenure rights and the limited comprehension of just procedures accessible to the private sector backs corrupt practices and undermines incentives for business integrity, corporate social accountability, fair public-private-partnerships, and alternative business models.
Although international frameworks like the VGGTs, RAI, and the AU Guidelines on large scale land based investments (LSLBI: land allocations ≥ 200 hectares) call for counteracting land corruption, only little understanding exists of corruption risks in LSLBI and how these corruption risks relate to land administration and traditional authorities. Moreover, an overview of existing anti-corruption mechanisms in investment chains in relation to LSLBI, of their application and efficiency is missing.
Focusing on Africa, Transparency International therefore means to undertake research that will result in a resource that contributes to an awareness of corruption risks in LSLBI and of possibilities to counteract and avoid them.
To this effect, the Transparency International Secretariat (TI-S) in Berlin is seeking an experienced consultant / group of consultants to research corruption risks in LSLBI in Africa, as well as existing mechanisms and good practice responses that help to avoid it. A fundamental part of the research will be to identify what incentivizes the private sector to avoid engaging in land corruption. The findings and recommendations derived from this empirical and desk-based research will be consolidated and published in a substantial report and shared at conferences, online, and in direct interactions with the target audiences, which are civil society practitioners, public and private sectors, international finance institutes, and the donor community.
The main goal of the research is to provide ideas and recommendations to the private sector on how to avoid land corruption, and to donors on supporting mechanisms that avoid land corruption.
To this effect, the research will:
- Identify which type of large agricultural land based investments exist, who are the key-actors, how do the investments work, and which can be the effects.
- Identify the corruption risks that exist in the different investment chains.
- Identify which mechanisms and good practice to avoid corruption in land based investments do already exist, and discuss how efficient they are in counteracting corruption. Discuss whether mechanisms like EITI could effectively be adapted to the land sector.
- Identify incentives for the private sector actors not to be corrupt, and for donors to supporting mechanisms that avoid land corruption.
The research will be partly desk-based and partly empirical with travel to two selected countries in Africa to lead interviews with different stakeholder groups and resource persons. The researcher will need to identify relevant data sources and literature, as well as interview partners (with guidance from TI). A few case studies are envisaged, focusing on either selected industries or companies. The researcher will be expected to validate findings with key stakeholders (TI, interview partners, and selected community groups). The methodology will be designed in close collaboration with TI.
The research should follow a phased approach:
- Phase 1: Scoping exercise/literature review
- Phase 2: Methodology design
- Phase 3: Desk research/ first interviews
- Phase 4: Data collection
- Phase 5: Data analysis
- Phase 6: Validation of results/findings
- Phase 7: Finalisation of report
EXPECTED DELIVERABLES AND TIMELINE
The expected deliverables are set out below:
- A first research outline and plan not exceeding two pages based on initial discussions with TI and results of first scoping exercise within two weeks of actual job start.
- An inception report not exceeding ten pages and a concrete plan for data collection in countries at the end of phase 2 and within four weeks of actual job start.
- A presentation of preliminary findings in person in phase 5 and within 12 weeks of actual job start.
- A draft final research report not exceeding 80 pages and in a style adequate for the audience of civil society practitioners, private sector and donor community, at the end of phase 6 and within 16 weeks of actual job start.
- A final research report within two weeks after receiving and incorporating feedback on draft report and no later than 15th of December 2018.
All presentations and reports are to be submitted in English, in electronic form, in accordance with the deadlines stipulated above. The Consultant is responsible for editing and quality control of language. The TI Secretariat retains the sole rights with respect to all distribution, dissemination and publication of the deliverables.
The Consultant should have the following qualifications:
- Minimum of seven years research experience on anti-corruption or governance issues in relation to natural / mineral / land resources and the private sector
- Relevant expertise in the use of the global policy for effective advocacy
- Wide knowledge on land governance and corruption
- Wide experience of working with clients in civil society, particularly advocacy-oriented NGOs, as well as private sector and international banksExcellent writing skills in English.
REMUNERATION AND COSTS
The Consultant should provide a detailed breakdown, before any VAT or other charges, of all their estimated costs, including but not limited to; total fee as a lump sum or standard daily or hourly rates, (if applicable) international travel, local transport, accommodation, work materials.
Transparency International e.V. (Secretariat), (TI-S) is registered as a Business Entity in Germany with VAT identification number DE273612486. In order to determine the Value Added Tax (VAT) implications of this tender, we kindly request that the Consultants fill out the VAT Form for Tenders/Vendor Form (instructions inside the form) and submit the completed and duly signed form along with their email application.
The link to the VAT Form for Tenders/Vendor Form is available below.
The application should include the following documents in English:
- Business proposal with quotes
- Motivation letter and Curriculum Vitae
- A brief overview of how the work will be approached, suggested time line, and what methods will be used.
- One sample of relevant previous written work in English (confidentiality guaranteed).
- Completed VAT Form for Tenders/Vendor Form.
Please indicate “Researcher Land Corruption” in the subject line of your email application. Applications should be sent in English by email to Annette Jaitner at firstname.lastname@example.org by close of business of 18/06/2018.
Please note that only shortlisted applicants will be contacted.
The international fight against corruption needs your expertise, your skills and experience, and your passion for social justice.
From our secretariat in Berlin and in more than 100 national chapters, Transparency International seeks professionals and volunteers with exceptional talent and commitment to join our efforts and make a contribution to a better world.
Important documents and information
- Recruitment policy and procedures
- Gender and diversity policy
- Relocation allowance policy
- Grades and salary bands
- Purchase and procurement summary guidelines
- VAT form for tenders
- Code of Conduct: 4.3.2. Staff Recruitment / Non-preferential Treatment of Family and Friends
"Appointments to all positions will be made on merit, regardless of gender; region; religion; disability; family status; sexual orientation, etc. We are committed to open, fair, and transparent appointment, recruitment, hiring, and procurement procedures and practice. Family members, and friends and organisations with which we or our families or friends are associated, will not be accorded preferential treatment. […] To manage potential conflicts of interest, we will disclose such connections with potential applicants or candidates of whom we are aware. We will recuse ourselves from any recruitment or contracting process where we have a conflict of interest. We will ask shortlisted candidates to declare such relations at Transparency International Secretariat or with the Board of Directors. We will not allow situations in which close family relatives or partners are in a direct reporting relationship to one another."