Moldova 2014

Filed under - Surveys

Published by Transparency International Moldova on 3 July 2014

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Moldova’s National Integrity System assessment provides an evaluation of the legal framework and actual performance of the national governance institutions (pillars) which are responsible for preventing, detecting and fighting corruption in the country. It examines 13 pillars of public life, from key anti-corruption institutions to non-state actors. The evaluation is made based on a methodology by Transparency International, which has been applied in more than 100 countries around the world. Characteristics of the evaluation include an impartial and holistic approach to the fields subjected to evaluation; comparing de jure with de facto; applying both qualitative and quantitative methods; and a consultative approach using various sources of information, such as national legal frameworks, reports and research of international organisations, governmental organisations, think-tanks, and academic circles, and interviews with key experts.

The National Integrity System assessment has discovered a high vulnerability to corruption in all 13 pillars, and it has also discovered that corruption in Moldova is systematic in nature. Moldova has an institutional infrastructure based on a high legal framework for fighting corruption. The main institutions in the field include: the National Anti-Corruption Centre, National Integrity Commission, Anti- Corruption Prosecution, Court of Accounts, and Information and Security Centre. The main document which regulates the actions in the field is the National Anti-Corruption Strategy.

Recent amendments to the legal framework include: laws revising the asset and conflicts of interest declarations as well as the Law on the National Integrity Commission (2011); the cancellation of judges’ immunity for corruption; the securing of the independence of the National Anti-Corruption Centre in 2012; harsher sanctions for corruption and illicit enrichment; and laws extending confiscation and integrity testing of civil servants (2013). Some of these laws have already been implemented – that is, with regards to judges’ immunity – whereas other laws have yet to prove their effectiveness (illicit enrichment, extended confiscation and integrity testing).

Despite all the efforts of the current government, in 2013, Moldova ranked 102nd of 177 countries in Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index, and it ranked 3rd among the Eastern
Partnership countries, according to the same index.

Download the report



Country / Territory - Moldova   
Language(s) - English   
Topic - Accountability   |   Civil society   |   Governance   |   Judiciary   |   Law enforcement   |   Media   |   Politics and government   |   Private sector   |   Public procurement   |   Public services   |   Surveys   

NIS assessments contact

Andy McDevitt
Programme Coordinator, Public Sector Integrity
+49 30 3438 20 720
amcdevitt@transparency.org

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