Whistleblowing protection in Romania and Hungary

Filed under - Whistleblowing

Published on 29 October 2015 as a TI Helpdesk answer
Could you provide information on the legal framework regulating whistleblowing protection in Romania and in Hungary?


  1. Overview of good practice principles in whistleblowing legislation
  2. Whistleblowing protection in Romania
  3. Whistleblowing protection in Hungary
  4. References


Whistleblowers have a key role in detecting cases of corruption and other illegal behaviour or mismanagement inside public institutions and private companies. It is therefore essential to encourage reporting of wrongdoing by establishing safe, clear, independent and well-known reporting channels that protect whistleblowers against any form of retaliation.

Good practices in this regard equally apply to private and public institutions and include a broad definition of a whistleblower that protects both public and private sector employees against all forms of retaliation and discrimination, clearly communicated internal and external disclosure channels, including anonymous reporting, the right to confidentiality, to receive advice on their rights and to receive appropriate compensation from damages resulting from retaliation.

Romania is considered to have a strong whistleblowing protection legal framework that only applies to the public sector. While Hungary’s new 2014 legislation extends whistleblowing protection in both the private and the public sector, its regime is considered weaker, none the least because it requires corporate compliance officers to inform targets of whistleblower disclosures that they are the subject of a complaint, undermining the credibility of subsequent investigations.

Author(s): Marie Chêne, Transparency International, mchene@transparency.org
Reviewed by: Transparency International Romania Transparency International Hungary
Publication date: 29 October 2015
Number: 0

Download full answer

Country / Territory - Hungary   |   Romania   
Language(s) - English   
Topic - Whistleblowing   

Contact the Anti-Corruption Helpdesk

If you work for one of our supporting partner organisations, submit your query to the Helpdesk:

More Helpdesk answers


Overview of Corruption and Anti-Corruption in Kyrgyzstan

Please provide an overview of the nature and impact of corruption in Kyrgyzstan. What legal and institutional framework is available to address ...

See the answer


Income and asset declarations for NGOs

What is international practice with regard to asset/wealth declarations of non-public officials, such as members of non-governmental organisations? ...

See the answer