Participatory lawmaking, public consultations and petitions

Filed under - Civil society

Published on 26 September 2016 as a TI Helpdesk answer
Can you provide an overview of countries’ experiences in public consultations at the national level before debating laws in parliament? Can you also provide examples of countries that have adopted legislation allowing citizens to submit petitions to their parliaments?


  1. Public consultations in lawmaking processes
  2. Examples of legislation for submitting petitions to parliaments
  3. References
  4. Appendix: comparative tables on public consultations


There is a broad consensus that the public should be involved at all stages of the lawmaking process for laws and policies affecting them. Public consultations are a form of public participation where the government invites citizens to provide feedback and express opinions on a specific law or policy. Such consultations can take different forms, and a number of key issues need to be considered, including types of documents regulating public consultations, who should be consulted, types of documents open for consultation, when to involve and the timeline to receive contributions from the public, tools for consultation, and so on.Petitions can also be used by governments (formal petitions) and civil society (informal petitions outside the realm of public authority) to consult the public or secure support for proposed legislations.

Author(s): Marie Chêne, Transparency International,
Reviewed by: ..
Publication date: 26 September 2016
Number: 0

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Country / Territory - International   |   Canada   |   South Africa   |   Switzerland   |   United Kingdom   
Region - Global   
Language(s) - English   
Topic - Access to information   |   Civil society   |   Governance   
Tags - public consultations   |   petitions   |   participatory lawmaking   

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