Guinea-Bissau: Overview of Corruption and Anti-Corruption

Published on 28 April 2017 as a EU Helpdesk answer
Please provide an overview of corruption and anti-corruption efforts in Guinea-Bissau, with a particular focus on the agricultural and health sectors.


  1. Overview of corruption in Guinea-Bissau
  2. Legal and institutional framework
  3. References


This is an update of a previous Helpdesk answer from 2014 on corruption and anti-corruption in Guinea-Bissau.


Guinea-Bissau, one of the poorest countries on earth, is characterised by a long history of political instability. Death, coups and civil war have interrupted the mandate of every elected president in the 40 years since the country’s independence. Following the 2012 coup, the 2014 elections were seen as an end to this pattern of crises. However, President Vaz’s decision to sack Prime Minister Pereira in 2015 plunged the country into deadlock yet again. At this time, parliament has not convened in over a year, and recent tensions have culminated in ECOWAS threatening to impose targeted sanctions if the terms of a power-sharing accord are not respected.

Corruption, government opacity, and a lack of public accountability are major problems in Guinea-Bissau, problems compounded by the country’s position as a major African hub for drug trafficking. Organised criminal networks involved in illicit trade are widely believed to have permeated all levels of the state apparatus.

The country’s legal and institutional anti-corruption frameworks remain inadequate, and despite some attempts at reform, anti-corruption efforts rarely go beyond lip service.   

Author(s): Kaunain Rahman
Reviewed by: Matthew Jenkins, Transparency International
Publication date: 28 April 2017
Number: 0

Download full answer

Country / Territory - Guinea-Bissau   
Region - Sub-Saharan Africa   
Language(s) - English   
Topic - Organised crime   |   Politics and government   
Tags - Health sector   |   Agriculture   |   Security forces   |   organised crime   |   Guinea-Bissau   |   Drugs   |   narcostate   

Contact the Anti-Corruption Helpdesk

If you work for one of our supporting partner organisations, submit your query to the Helpdesk:

More Helpdesk answers


How-to guide for corruption assessments (2nd edition)

Please provide an updated overview of the various corruption measurements, with a particular focus on how to use them, their strengths and their ...

See the answer



Has the effectiveness of parliamentary codes of ethics been proven in practice? Best practice examples of the adoption procedures and codes would be ...

See the answer