Mining for Sustainable Development: Combatting corruption in mining approvals

Filed under - Mining

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What’s at stake?

Transparent and accountable mining can contribute to sustainable development. This begins with corruption-free approvals – the very first link in the mining value chain.

Corruption risks must be understood so corruption can be prevented from occurring.

Transparency International’s Mining for Sustainable Development Programme (M4SD) addresses where and how corruption can get a foothold in the mining approvals process – we are combatting corruption before ground is even broken.

What we’re doing about it

Working with Transparency International national chapters from across the globe, the programme is building foundations for accountable and transparent mining that benefits communities, and supports social and economic development.

The programme is currently in the first of two phases:

Phase I

Assessing corruption risks

National chapters from 20 resource-rich countries are conducting risk assessments to understand the nature and source of corruption risks in mining approval processes. The Mining Awards Corruption Risk Assessment (MACRA) Tool was developed specifically to conduct these assessments.

The global analysis report, Combatting corruption in mining approvals: Assessing the risks in 18 resource-rich countries,  sets out the key findings and case studies from the research.

Phase II

Addressing corruption risks

National chapters will develop and implement action plans to prevent corruption risks identified in Phase I. They will work with key stakeholders – government, civil society, local communities, and the mining industry – as part of a global strategy to build trust, improve transparency, and influence behaviour change in the mining sector.

The programme will advocate for the improvement of national and international policy and practice, and the strengthening of existing mining transparency initiatives and standards.

Who’s involved?

Participating national chapters:

Armenia, Australia, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala, Indonesia, Kenya, Liberia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Niger, Peru, Papua New Guinea, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

The programme is:

  • Led by Transparency International Australia, acting as a global Centre of Expertise;
  • Put into practice by Transparency International national chapters and local stakeholders; 

  • Supported by the Transparency International Secretariat; 

  • Funded by BHP Billiton Foundation and the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). 

Timeline and results

Download Phase I national chapter analysis reports (redirects to chapter websites):

Armenia (Armenian)
Chile (Español)
Guatemala (Español)
South Africa

More information

For more information on the Mining for Sustainable Development Programme, please contact:

Follow us on twitter:

@SusDevMining #M4SD

Visit the Transparency International Australia website:

Country / Territory - Australia   |   Cambodia   |   Guatemala   |   Mongolia   |   South Africa   
Region - Global   
Topic - Accountability   |   Advocacy   |   Civil society   |   Oil and gas   |   Politics and government   |   Poverty and development   |   Transparency International   

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