新兴市场国家的公司开展反腐败恰逢其时

新的研究表明,新兴市场国家跨国公司在报告其反腐败制度和措施方面有极大差异

Issued by Transparency International Secretariat



这本52页的报告《公司报告透明度:新兴市场跨国公司测评》给来自16个新兴市场国家的100家增长势头最劲的公司进行打分。

以10分为最透明,0分表示最不透明,有四分之三的新兴市场公司得分低于5分。这个研究所给出的分数是以公开获得的有关公司在反腐败方面所采取的措施、在提交报告方面的透明度、公司结构以及它们提供在每一个运营国家的财务报告信息量为基础而给出的。

中国入选的公司占了这次所有测评公司总数的三分之一强,在金砖五国(巴西、俄罗斯、印度、中国和南非)当中,总体表现最弱。 这表明,中国及其所属的公司应该立即采取行动,提高其治理标准。

“新兴市场国家应该审时度势,在全球反腐败运动中发挥他们的作用。”透明国际主席胡洁特·拉贝勒指出。伴随着新兴市场国家的公司在扩大它们的影响,他们也应该与时俱进,为打击全球性的腐败发挥更大的作用。

公开发布公司的反腐败措施应该成为标准

来自新兴市场的公司应该向公众表明他们如何预防腐败的发生以及他们跟云英国政府的关系,透明国际指出。这个研究报告表明,大约60%受测评的公司不公开它们用于政治捐献的资讯。

新兴市场国家的政府也应该通过新的立法,要求公司承担义务报告其对所在运营国家政府的各种支付缴纳信息。

这份研究报告表明,公开上市的公司比国营和私营的公司表现要更好,它显示出管理机构要求公开上市公司的披露透明所发挥的积极影响。

由于国家立法要求公司公开其子公司的主要财务信息,印度在金砖五国当中表现较好,在10制当中得到5.4分。在按运营国别报告一项,印度公司得分为29%,中国平均只有9%和1%。而去年,由透明国际所作的一项类似研究表明,全球105家最大公司,得分只有4%。

“在全球经营业务却没有任何透明,这会损害公司的名声,失去所在运营地的信任。”拉贝勒主席强调。“人们有权知道跨国公司给他们政府提供了多少好处,他们缴纳了多少税收。”

这个公司收集的金砖五国的100家公司,其中的75%,在经济危机以后,贡献了全世界50%的增长率。

欲了解完整报告内容,请点击:http://www.transparency.org

Background:

透明国际在2012年发布过对全球最大105家企业所作的调查以及在2011年所作关于石油和天然气两个行业的调查报告。

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透明国际是全球性公民社会组织,引领反腐败斗争。

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