Gender and Corruption: are women less corrupt?

Women are less likely to pay bribes but are more disadvantaged in corrupt systems. Corruption has a disproportunately negative effect on women, says Transparency International

Issued by Transparency International Secretariat



Higher levels of women`s participation in public life are associated with lower levels of corruption.

Corruption is less severe where women comprise a larger share of parliamentary seats, a study by the IRIS Centre, University of Maryland reveals. This statement has also been underlined by a World Bank study on "Corruption and women in government". The study concludes that higher rates of female participation in government are associated with lower levels of corruption. It is suggested that women may have higher standards of ethical behaviour and appear to be more concerned with the common good.

In the light of this, a new all-female squad of uniformed patrols has been set up in Mexico last year in the hope of curbing corruption. In northern Mexico (Cuernavaca), the number of women police officers has been increased in the expectation that they would be more honest.

Women in business seem less likely to pay bribes.

A survey of enterprise owners and managers in the Republic of Georgia indicates that firms owned or managed by women pay bribes on approximately 5 % of occasions when coming into contact with a government agency. The percentage is twice as high for firms with a male owner or manager (11%).

While women are less involved in corruption themselves, they are even more disadvantaged from the consequences of a corrupt system.

Gender-Sensitive Budget Analysis proves that men profit much more from public expenditures than women. In many countries, the allocation for programmes focusing on women is only a fraction of the total national budget. In Argentina and in the Dominican Republic, the grant for women`s programmes budget amounts to 0.0046% and 0.002% of the total national budget, respectively.

Corruption decreases national budget resources. It also reduces, for example, the amount of public spending on health and social security, which affects women disproportionately. If there is a cut in public spending, maternal and child health services are more likely to be the worst-hit victims. One survey carried out by the TI chapter of Bangladesh shows that it is harder for female headed households to get their children into school or to get themselves hospital care.

"A corrupt legal system reinforces existing gender discrimination in many countries. Women`s civil rights are grossly unfair with regard to marriage/divorce, family law, child custody, financial independence and inheritance and property rights. Often they have no ability to make decisions without the consent of a male relative", stresses Roslyn Hees, Senior Advisor with Transparency International. In many countries, those who win cases tend to be involved with corrupt prosecutors and judges. Women simply do not have the means to compete in this way. Corrupt judicial procedures and the prevalence of "old boys networks" makes it in many cases impossible for women to win legal battles in a transparent and open way.


For any press enquiries please contact

Jeff Lovitt
Tel. +49-30-3438-200
Fax:+49-30-34703912
E-Mail: .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address)

Latest

Support Transparency International

Support Us

مؤشر مدركات الفساد 2019

كشـف مؤشـر مـدركات الفسـاد للعـام ً 2019عـددا ً صادمـا مـن الـدول التـي تقـوم ً بقليـل مـن التحسـينات أو لا تقـوم أبـدا بأيـة تحسـينات فـي سـبيل معالجـة الفسـاد، ويقتـرح تحليلنـا بضـرورة تخفيـض مقـدار الأمـوال الطائلـة التـي يتـم انفاقهـا علـى السياسـة، وضـرورة تعزيـز عمليـات صنـع القـرار السياسـي كونهمـا ضروريـان للحـد مـن الفسـاد

IPC 2019: Analyse mondiale

L’Indice de Perception de la Corruption 2019 révèle qu’un nombre impressionnant de pays ne montrent que peu ou pas de signes d’amélioration dans la lutte contre la corruption. Notre analyse suggère également que la réduction de l’influence de l’argent en politique et la promotion de processus de prise de décision inclusifs sont essentielles pour lutter contre la corruption.

CPI 2019: Global Highlights

CPI 2019 reveals that a majority of countries are showing little to no improvement in tackling corruption. More than two-thirds of countries score below 50, with an average score of just 43.

Индекс восприятия коррупции 2019: Восточная Европа и Центральная Азия

Регион имеет сложности с ограниченным разделением властей, злоупотреблением государственными ресурсами в избирательных целях, непрозрачным финансированием политических партий и конфликтами интересов.

Corruption Perceptions Index 2019

The Corruption Perceptions Index ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, according to experts and business people.

الشرق الأوسط وشمال إفريقيا

وبنفس معدل الدرجات البالغ ً 39خلال العام الماضي، كان هناك تقدما ً ضئيلا في تحسين السيطرة على الفساد في منطقة الشرق الأوسط وشمال إفريقيا

IPC 2019: Afrique Subsaharienne

Tandis que les Seychelles sont aux prises avec des affaires de blanchiment d’argent, dimension qui n’est pas pris en compte dans le calcul de l’IPC , plusieurs lois anti-corruption, notamment une loi récente sur l’accès à l’information et une commission anti-corruption créée il y a peu, ont contribué à renforcer le cadre de la lutte contre la corruption dans le pays.

Social Media

Follow us on Social Media