Cologne G-8 Summit must focus on curbing corruption

“60% of OECD Countries have failed to ratify anti-corruption convention”

Issued by Transparency International Secretariat



Transparency International has called on the G8 summit to address the issue of corruption and to urge all OECD Countries to swiftly ratify the landmark OECD anti-corruption convention. While the leading industrialised countries with the exception of Italy and France have fully ratified the convention, almost 60% of the other signatories have failed to do so yet. The OECD convention makes it a criminal offence to bribe a foreign public official.

TI Chairman Dr Peter Eigen said that "Concrete anti-corruption action is imperative if world trade and investment is to be strengthened, if young and fragile democracies in the South and in Eastern Europe are to become secure, and if poverty in the world's poorest countries is to be reduced." The annual Corruption Perceptions Index has made it crystal clear that the abuse of public office by government officials in dozens of countries is a problem of dramatic proportions. It is imperative that the forthcoming Summit in Cologne, and the Finance Ministers' Summit in Frankfurt, strengthen concrete anti-corruption actions that respond to the legitimate outrage of tens of millions of people across the world whose incomes and hopes are being wrecked by corrupt public officials, abetted by bribe-paying corporations.

Accordingly, TI, the non-profit anti-corruption organisation, calls on Summit leaders to recognise the critical linkages between curbing corruption, strengthening global commerce, building democracy and reducing poverty. And the TI movement, now active through national organisations in over 70 countries, calls on Summit leaders to consider the following specific actions:

Countries that have failed to full ratify the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officails in International Business Transactions:

  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Belgium
  • Brazil
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Slovak Republic
  • Spain
  • Switzerland
  • Turkey

 

Status of ratifacation of major international Anti-Corruption Conventions by the G-8 states:

 

OECD

Council of

Europe

European

Union*

Organisation of

American States

Canada

Ratified

NOT SIGNED

n/a

NOT RATIFIED

France

NOT RATIFIED

NOT SIGNED

NOT RATIFIED

n/a

Germany

Ratified

Signed

NOT RATIFIED

n/a

Italy

NOT RATIFIED

Signed

NOT RATIFIED

n/a

Japan

Ratified

n/a

NOT RATIFIED

n/a

Russia

NOT SIGNED**

Signed

n/a

n/a

United

Kingdom

Ratified

Signed

NOT RATIFIED

n/a

United States

Ratified

NOT SIGNED

n/a

NOT RATIFIED

 

* The only EU member state to have ratified the EU Convention on the fight against corruption involving officials of the European Communities or officials of Member States of the European Union is Finland.

** Russia has indicated its interest in signing the OECD Convention which was agreed by the 29 OECD member states plus five other countries (Argentina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Slovakia) in 1997. It is doubtful, however, whether the OECD will include Russia in its anti-corruption activities.


For any press enquiries please contact

Mr. Jeff Lovitt,
Head of Public Relations, TI International Secretariat,
Tel: +49-30 343 8200

or

Mr. Jeremy Pope,
Executive Director, at our London office
tel. +44 (020) 7610 1400; fax. +44 (020) 7610 1550

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