清廉指数:2013年世界的腐败形势

Issued by Transparency International Secretariat



透明国际2013年度清廉指数提出了一个警讯:滥用权力、内幕交易和贿赂等腐败行为,继续在蹂躏整个国际社会。

在从0到100分排列的得分表上(0分表示高度腐败,10分表示非常清廉),2013年度清廉指数上榜的177个国家,超过三分之二的国家得分低于50。

“2013年度清廉指数显示所有国家、各级政府都共同面对腐败的威胁,不管是发放执照许可,还是执行法律法规,”透明国际主席拉贝勒强调。

2013年度清廉指数:结果

在2013年度清廉指数排行榜上,丹麦和新西兰以91分并列第一名,阿富汗、北朝鲜和索马里则以8分垫底,表现最差。

“排行高位国家的经验清楚地显示,透明是问责的基础,有助于打击腐败,”拉贝拉接着说道。“当然,表现较好的国家也仍然面对利益集团操控、竞选经费透明以及如何监督大型公共合同等等主要腐败类型的风险。“

清廉指数是以采集专家对发生在公共领域里的腐败的意见而制作。每一个国家要想提高得分,就要拓宽获得资讯的渠道,增强对那些握有公共权力的人的行为的监督的法律。反之,如果在公共领域各个部门中缺乏有效监管和问责,部门制度也不健全的话,就会极大影响外界对该国公共部门的印象。

公共领域的腐败威胁会削弱许多全球性行动倡议的实效

公共领域的腐败仍然是全球共同面对的最大威胁,透明国际认为。特别是在政党、警察和司法体系里。公共机构对其工作必须更加公开,其官员决策过程必须更加透明 ,因为要调查和起诉腐败依然非常困难。

我们现在要对抗气候变化、经济危机和特别贫困的努力会受到腐败的极大破坏,透明国际发出警告。像G20这样的国际机构必须把打击洗钱,提高公司透明度,加速追缴被盗资产等议题提到议事日程上来。

“现在是行动起来阻止那些腐败官员逃之夭夭的时候了!法律的漏洞、政府对反腐败的虚与委蛇,助长了境内和跨境的腐败。由此,我们呼吁加强努力,打击对腐败的豁免。“拉贝勒指出。

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