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IMF COVID-19 Anti-Corruption Tracker

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is providing funds to support countries with their economic recovery. Yet, countries will not succeed in their recovery efforts, if they don’t also tackle corruption. We’ve analyzed all countries currently receiving COVID-19 financial assistance and debt relief from the IMF to see which funds include specific anti-corruption measures and which don’t.

Countries with or without anti-corruption measures

The colours on the map below indicate which countries have or don't have anti-corruption measures in place, as part of their COVID-19 financial assistance and debt relief from the IMF.*

*Several countries included in the map and graphic above have multiple IMF loans. These countries may appear in yellow because at least one of those loans includes an anti-corruption measure. However, other loans from the same country may have no anti-corruption measures. For a detailed list of each country and their subsequent loans, please see the table below.

Top recommendation

We need to ensure critical funds reach the people who need them most. With US$1 trillion dollars in lending capacity and so many lives at stake, it’s more important than ever for the IMF to ensure that corruption doesn’t cost any additional lives.

If there is one thing that the IMF could do to have a more lasting impact in the fight against corruption, especially during emergency times, it would be:

Amend the 2011 Policy on Liquidity and Emergency Assistance

The IMF’s response to COVID- 19 has shown that it is feasible to include specific governance and anti-corruption safeguards in emergency loan agreements.

The IMF should extend these measures to all countries by integrating those governance safeguards into its 2011 policy.

For a full list of recommendations, read the blog

Amending the 2011 policy would not only help to save lives and prevent the misuse of IMF funds, but also address the lack of consistency of anti-corruption measures in emergency financing.

The table below summarizes information on every emergency COVID-19 loan and debt relief funds published by the IMF and highlights whether those programs include any anti-corruption measures, and if so, what specific type of commitments are in place.

  • “Yes” indicates some anti-corruption measures are included.
  • “No” indicates either no anti-corruption measures are included, or the measures can’t be monitored due to their lack of specificity and/or measurability.

For more detailed information, download the full spreadsheet, which includes links to the original sources and text of each anti-corruption commitment:

Table by region:

IMF COVID-19 anti-corruption commitments

Approval date Country Amount of emergency funds (US $ millions) Anti-corruption measures Commitment
13 April 2020 Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of 3.28 No N/A
29 April 2020 Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of 220 Yes Publish report on COVID-19 related expenditures; Publish COVID-19 related public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
29 May 2020 Bangladesh 488 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Ex post validation of delivery; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Record beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
29 May 2020 Bangladesh 244 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Record beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
22 April 2020 Maldives 28.9 No N/A*
3 June 2020 Mongolia 99 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
26 June 2020 Myanmar 237.7 Yes Publish names of companies awarded contracts**; Publish costs of procured products and services**; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts**; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
26 June 2020 Myanmar 118.8 Yes Publish names of companies awarded contracts**; Publish costs of procured products and services**; Validate delivery of products and services**; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts**; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
6 May 2020 Nepal 214 Yes Publish names of companies awarded contracts**;Validate delivery of products and services**;Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts**; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
13 April 2020 Nepal 3.9 No N/A
9 June 2020 Papua New Guinea 363.6 Yes Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
24 April 2020 Samoa 22.03 No N/A*
1 June 2020 Solomon Islands 19 Yes Publish costs of procured products and services; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
1 June 2020 Solomon Islands 9.5 Yes Publish costs of procured products and services; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
13 April 2020 Solomon Islands 0.08 No N/A
Approval date Country Amount of emergency funds (US $ millions) Anti-corruption measures Commitment
10 April 2020 Albania 190.5 No N/A
18 May 2020 Armenia, Republic of 175 Yes Multiple references, please refer to IMF source document
20 April 2020 Bosnia and Herzegovina 361 No N/A
1 May 2020 Georgia 375.6 No N/A
10 April 2020 Kosovo 56.5 No N/A*
8 May 2020 Kyrgyz Republic 40.4 Yes Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services;Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
8 May 2020 Kyrgyz Republic 80.7 Yes Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services;Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
26 March 2020 Kyrgyz Republic 80.6 Yes Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
26 March 2020 Kyrgyz Republic 40.3 Yes Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
17 April 2020 Moldova, Republic of 156.7 Yes Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
17 April 2020 Moldova, Republic of 78.4 Yes Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
24 June 2020 Montenegro 83.7 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
10 April 2020 North Macedonia, Republic of 191.83 No N/A
6 May 2020 Tajikistan, Republic of 189.5 Yes Validate delivery of products and services; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
13 April 2020 Tajikistan, Republic of 10.72 No N/A
9 June 2020 Ukraine 5,000 Yes Multiple references, please refer to IMF source document
18 May 2020 Uzbekistan, Republic of 125.03 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
18 May 2020 Uzbekistan, Republic of 249.3 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
Approval date Country Amount of emergency funds (US $ millions) Anti-corruption measures Commitment
1 June 2020 Bahamas, The 250 Yes Publish COVID-19 related public procurement contracts; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Publish report on COVID-19 related expenditures; Other
3 June 2020 Barbados 91 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit, results not published
17 April 2020 Bolivia 327 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
29 May 2020 Chile 23,930 No N/A
1 May 2020 Colombia 10,800 Yes Multiple references, please refer to IMF source document
29 April 2020 Costa Rica 508 No N/A*
28 April 2020 Dominica 14 Pending Pending
29 April 2020 Dominican Republic 650 Yes Other; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
1 May 2020 Ecuador 643 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
14 April 2020 El Salvador 389 No N/A*
28 April 2020 Grenada 22.4 Yes Other
10 June 2020 Guatemala 594 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
17 April 2020 Haiti 111.6 Yes Conduct COVID-19 specific audit, results not published; Other
13 April 2020 Haiti 5.61 No N/A*
1 June 2020 Honduras 223 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit, results not published; Other
15 May 2020 Jamaica 520 Yes Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
15 April 2020 Panama 515 No N/A
21 April 2020 Paraguay 274 Yes Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
28 May 2020 Peru 11,000 Yes Multiple references, please refer to IMF source document
28 April 2020 St. Lucia 29.2 No N/A
20 May 2020 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 16 Yes Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit, results not published
Approval date Country Amount of emergency funds (US $ millions) Anti-corruption measures Commitment
11 May 2020 Egypt, Arab Republic of 2,772 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts***; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results;
26 June 2020 Egypt, Arab Republic of 5,200 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results. Includes policy measures whose main objectives are linked to governance and reduce corruption.
20 May 2020 Jordan 396 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish report on COVID-19 related expenditures; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
26 March 2020 Jordan 1,300.00 Yes Multiple references, please refer to IMF source document
16 April 2020 Pakistan 1,386 Yes Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
10 April 2020 Tunisia 745 No N/A*
13 April 2020 Yemen 19.76 No N/A
Approval date Country Amount of emergency funds (US $ millions) Anti-corruption measures Commitment
16 September 2020 Angola 765 Pending Pending
13 April 2020 Benin 10.17 No N/A
15 May 2020 Benin 103.3 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts**; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts**; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
14 April 2020 Burkina Faso 115.3 No N/A*
13 April 2020 Burkina Faso 11.96 No N/A
20 July 2020 Burundi 7.63 Yes Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
22 April 2020 Cabo Verde 32 No N/A
4 May 2020 Cameroon 226 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
20 April 2020 Central African Republic 38 Yes Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
13 April 2020 Central African Republic 4.05 No N/A
22 July 2020 Chad 68.49 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
14 April 2020 Chad 115.1 Yes Other
13 April 2020 Chad 14.18 No N/A
22 April 2020 Comoros, Union of the 4.05 Yes Validate delivery of products and services**; Publish names of companies awarded contracts**; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts**; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results and publish results
22 April 2020 Comoros, Union of the 8.08 Yes Validate delivery of products and services**; Publish names of companies awarded contracts**; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts**; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results and publish results
13 April 2020 Comoros, Union of the 1.33 No N/A
22 April 2020 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 363.27 Yes Publish names of companies awarded contracts**; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts**; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results and publish results; Other
13 April 2020 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 20.32 No N/A
17 April 2020 Côte d'Ivoire 295.4 No N/A*
17 April 2020 Côte d'Ivoire 433.6 No N/A*
8 May 2020 Djibouti 43.4 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts**; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts**; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
8 May 2020 Djibouti 2.3 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts**; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts**; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
29 July 2020 Eswatini, Kingdom of 110.4 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
30 April 2020 Ethiopia, The Federal Democratic Republic of 12 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit, results not published; Other
30 April 2020 Ethiopia, The Federal Democratic Republic of 411 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit, results not published; Other
31 July 2020 Gabon 152 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
9 April 2020 Gabon 147 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
15 April 2020 Gambia, The 21.3 Yes Conduct COVID-19 specific audit, results not published; Other
13 April 2020 Gambia, The 2.87 No N/A
23 March 2020 Gambia, The 47.1 Yes Multiple references, please refer to IMF source document
13 April 2020 Ghana 1,000 No N/A
19 June 2020 Guinea 148 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results;
13 April 2020 Guinea 22.4 No N/A
13 April 2020 Guinea-Bissau 1.48 No N/A
6 May 2020 Kenya 739 Yes Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
20 July 2020 Lesotho 16.5 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
29 July 2020 Lesotho 32.6 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
13 April2020 Liberia 15.92 No N/A
5 June 2020 Liberia 50 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts**; Publish names of companies awarded contracts**; Validate delivery of products and services**; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts**; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results;
3 April 2020 Madagascar, Republic of 165.99 No N/A*
13 April 2020 Madagascar, Republic of 4.19 No N/A
30 July 2020 Madagascar, Republic of 171.9 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
13 April 2020 Malawi 9.85 No N/A
1 May 2020 Malawi 91 Yes Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Publish tenders; Publish bids; Validate delivery of products and services;Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
30 April 2020 Mali 200 Yes Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
13 April 2020 Mali 9.99 No N/A
2 September 2020 Mauritania, Islamic Republic of 28.7 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Publish costs of procured products and services; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results;
23 April 2020 Mauritania, Islamic Republic of 130 Yes Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
24 April 2020 Mozambique, Republic of 309 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
13 April 2020 Mozambique, Republic of 14.9 No N/A
14 April 2020 Niger 114.49 Yes Other
13 April 2020 Niger 7.72 No N/A
28 April 2020 Nigeria 3,400 Yes Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
2 April 2020 Rwanda 109.4 No N/A
13 April 2020 Rwanda 10.96 No N/A
11 June 2020 Rwanda 111.06 Yes Publish names of companies awarded contracts; Publish costs of procured products and services; Publish bids; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
27 July 2020 São Tomé and Príncipe, Democratic Republic of 2.08 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Other
21 April 2020 São Tomé and Príncipe, Democratic Republic of 12.29 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
13 April 2020 São Tomé and Príncipe, Democratic Republic of 0.15 No N/A
13 April 2020 Senegal 147.4 No N/A
13 April 2020 Senegal 294.7 No N/A
8 May 2020 Seychelles 31.23 Yes Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
3 June 2020 Sierra Leone 143 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts**; Publish names of companies awarded contracts**; Validate delivery of products and services**; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts**; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Other
13 April 2020 Sierra Leone 18.28 No N/A
25 March 2020 Somalia 395.5 Yes Multiple references, please refer to IMF source document
27 July 2020 South Africa 4,300 Yes Publish COVID-19 public procurement contracts; Validate delivery of products and services; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results; Publish COVID-19 expenditure reports
10 June 2020 Tanzania 14.3 Yes Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results
3 April 2020 Togo 97.1 Yes Multiple references, please refer to IMF source document
13 April 2020 Togo 5.12 No N/A
6 May 2020 Uganda 491.5 Yes Validate delivery of products and services**; Publish names of companies awarded contracts**; Publish beneficial ownership information of companies receiving COVID-19 procurement contracts**; Conduct COVID-19 specific audit and publish results

Notes about the table:

Last updated: 20 September 2020

* The emergency relief program includes a mention to an anti-corruption/transparency measure that can’t be monitored due to its lack of specificity and/or measurability.

**Countries commit to publishing information for large procurement contracts or those that exceed a certain amount of money (also known as threshold).

"," is thousands separator; "." represents decimal point.

Every effort has been made to verify the accuracy of the information contained in this table and spreadsheet. All information was believed to be correct as of 20 September 2020. Nevertheless, Transparency International cannot accept responsibility for the consequences of its use for other purposes or in other contexts. The information provided in this table is for your convenience and is not intended to replace the official information provided by the IMF.