Iraq: overview of corruption and anti-corruption

Filed under - Governance

Published on 10 May 2013 as a U4 Helpdesk Q&A

Query

Can you please provide an overview of corruption and anti-corruption efforts in Iraq?

Purpose

We would like to provide all country offices with an anticorruption country profile to inform their contribution portfolio analysis

Content

1. Overview of corruption in Iraq
2. Anti-corruption efforts in Iraq
3. References

Caveat

This answer does not extensively deal with the specificities of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and primarily focuses on corruption and anti-corruption in the rest of Iraq. 

Summary

After a difficult beginning marked by institutional instability, Iraq’s new regime has in recent years become increasingly aware of the enormous corruption challenges it faces. Massive embezzlement, procurement scams, money laundering, oil smuggling and widespread bureaucratic bribery have led the country to the bottom of international corruption rankings, fuelled political violence and hampered effective state building and service delivery. Although the country’s anti-corruption initiatives and framework have expanded since 2005, they still fail to provide a strong and comprehensive integrity system. Political interference in anti-corruption bodies and politicisation of corruption issues, weak civil society, insecurity, lack of resources and incomplete legal provisions severely limit the government’s capacity to efficiently curb soaring corruption. Ensuring the integrity of the management of Iraq’s massive and growing oil revenue will therefore be one of the country’s greatest challenges in the coming years.

Author(s): Maxime Agator, Transparency International, magator@transparency.org
Reviewed by: Marie Chêne, Transparency International, mchene@transparency.org Finn Heinrich, Ph.D, fheinrich@transparency.org
Publication date: 10 May 2013
Number: 374

Download full answer

Country / Territory - Iraq   
Language(s) - English   
Topic - Governance   

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