Corruption Perceptions Index 2008

The continuing high levels of corruption and poverty plaguing many of the world’s societies amount to an ongoing humanitarian disaster and cannot be tolerated."

– Huguette Labelle, Chair of Transparency International

The Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index measures the perceived levels of public-sector corruption in a given country and is a composite index, drawing on different expert and business surveys. The 2008 CPI scores 180 countries (the same number as the 2007 CPI) on a scale from zero (highly corrupt) to ten (highly clean).

Denmark, New Zealand and Sweden share the highest score at 9.3, followed immediately by Singapore at 9.2. Bringing up the rear is Somalia at 1.0, slightly trailing Iraq and Myanmar at 1.3 and Haiti at 1.4.

Corruption Perceptions Index 2008: Results

Rank Country/Territory CPI 2008 Score Surveys Used Confidence Range
1 Denmark 9.3 6 9.1 - 9.4
1 New Zealand 9.3 6 9.2 - 9.5
1 Sweden 9.3 6 9.2 - 9.4
4 Singapore 9.2 9 9.0 - 9.3
5 Finland 9.0 6 8.4 - 9.4
5 Switzerland 9.0 6 8.7 - 9.2
7 Iceland 8.9 5 8.1 - 9.4
7 Netherlands 8.9 6 8.5 - 9.1
9 Australia 8.7 8 8.2 - 9.1
9 Canada 8.7 6 8.4 - 9.1
11 Luxembourg 8.3 6 7.8 - 8.8
12 Austria 8.1 6 7.6 - 8.6
12 Hong Kong 8.1 8 7.5 - 8.6
14 Germany 7.9 6 7.5 - 8.2
14 Norway 7.9 6 7.5 - 8.3
16 Ireland 7.7 6 7.5 - 7.9
16 United Kingdom 7.7 6 7.2 - 8.1
18 Belgium 7.3 6 7.2 - 7.4
18 Japan 7.3 8 7.0 - 7.6
18 USA 7.3 8 6.7 - 7.7
21 Saint Lucia 7.1 3 6.6 - 7.3
22 Barbados 7.0 4 6.5 - 7.3
23 Chile 6.9 7 6.5 - 7.2
23 France 6.9 6 6.5 - 7.3
23 Uruguay 6.9 5 6.5 - 7.2
26 Slovenia 6.7 8 6.5 - 7.0
27 Estonia 6.6 8 6.2 - 6.9
28 Qatar 6.5 4 5.6 - 7.0
28 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6.5 3 4.7 - 7.3
28 Spain 6.5 6 5.7 - 6.9
31 Cyprus 6.4 3 5.9 - 6.8
32 Portugal 6.1 6 5.6 - 6.7
33 Dominica 6.0 3 4.7 - 6.8
33 Israel 6.0 6 5.6 - 6.3
35 United Arab Emirates 5.9 5 4.8 - 6.8
36 Botswana 5.8 6 5.2 - 6.4
36 Malta 5.8 4 5.3 - 6.3
36 Puerto Rico 5.8 4 5.0 - 6.6
39 Taiwan 5.7 9 5.4 - 6.0
40 South Korea 5.6 9 5.1 - 6.3
41 Mauritius 5.5 5 4.9 - 6.4
41 Oman 5.5 5 4.5 - 6.4
43 Bahrain 5.4 5 4.3 - 5.9
43 Macau 5.4 4 3.9 - 6.2
45 Bhutan 5.2 5 4.5 - 5.9
45 Czech Republic 5.2 8 4.8 - 5.9
47 Cape Verde 5.1 3 3.4 - 5.6
47 Costa Rica 5.1 5 4.8 - 5.3
47 Hungary 5.1 8 4.8 - 5.4
47 Jordan 5.1 7 4.0 - 6.2
47 Malaysia 5.1 9 4.5 - 5.7
52 Latvia 5.0 6 4.8 - 5.2
52 Slovakia 5.0 8 4.5 - 5.3
54 South Africa 4.9 8 4.5 - 5.1
55 Italy 4.8 6 4.0 - 5.5
55 Seychelles 4.8 4 3.7 - 5.9
57 Greece 4.7 6 4.2 - 5.0
58 Lithuania 4.6 8 4.1 - 5.2
58 Poland 4.6 8 4.0 - 5.2
58 Turkey 4.6 7 4.1 - 5.1
61 Namibia 4.5 6 3.8 - 5.1
62 Croatia 4.4 8 4.0 - 4.8
62 Samoa 4.4 3 3.4 - 4.8
62 Tunisia 4.4 6 3.5 - 5.5
65 Cuba 4.3 4 3.6 - 4.8
65 Kuwait 4.3 5 3.3 - 5.2
67 El Salvador 3.9 5 3.2 - 4.5
67 Georgia 3.9 7 3.2 - 4.6
67 Ghana 3.9 6 3.4 - 4.5
70 Colombia 3.8 7 3.3 - 4.5
70 Romania 3.8 8 3.4 - 4.2
72 Bulgaria 3.6 8 3.0 - 4.3
72 China 3.6 9 3.1 - 4.3
72 Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of) 3.6 6 2.9 - 4.3
72 Mexico 3.6 7 3.4 - 3.9
72 Peru 3.6 6 3.4 - 4.1
72 Suriname 3.6 4 3.3 - 4.0
72 Swaziland 3.6 4 2.9 - 4.3
72 Trinidad and Tobago 3.6 4 3.1 - 4.0
80 Brazil 3.5 7 3.2 - 4.0
80 Burkina Faso 3.5 7 2.9 - 4.2
80 Morocco 3.5 6 3.0 - 4.0
80 Saudi Arabia 3.5 5 3.0 - 3.9
80 Thailand 3.5 9 3.0 - 3.9
85 Albania 3.4 5 3.3 - 3.4
85 India 3.4 10 3.2 - 3.6
85 Madagascar 3.4 7 2.8 - 4.0
85 Montenegro 3.4 5 2-5 - 4.0
85 Panama 3.4 5 2.8 - 3.7
85 Senegal 3.4 7 2.9 - 4.0
85 Serbia 3.4 6 3.0 - 4.0
92 Algeria 3.2 6 2.9 - 3.4
92 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.2 7 2.9 - 3.5
92 Lesotho 3.2 5 2.3 - 3.8
92 Sri Lanka 3.2 7 2.9 - 3.5
96 Benin 3.1 6 2.8 - 3.4
96 Gabon 3.1 4 2.8 - 3.3
96 Guatemala 3.1 5 2.3 - 4.0
96 Jamaica 3.1 5 2.8 - 3.3
96 Kiribati 3.1 3 2.5 - 3.4
96 Mali 3.1 6 2.8 - 3.3
102 Bolivia 3.0 6 2.8 - 3.2
102 Djibouti 3.0 4 2.2 - 3.3
102 Dominican Republic 3.0 5 2.7 - 3.2
102 Lebanon 3.0 4 2.2 - 3.6
102 Mongolia 3.0 7 2.6 - 3.3
102 Rwanda 3.0 5 2.7 - 3.2
102 Tanzania 3.0 7 2.5 - 3.3
109 Argentina 2.9 7 2.5 - 3.3
109 Armenia 2.9 7 2.6 - 3.1
109 Belize 2.9 3 1.8 - 3.7
109 Moldova 2.9 7 2.4 - 3.7
109 Solomon Islands 2.9 3 2.5 - 3.2
109 Vanuatu 2.9 3 2.5 - 3.2
115 Egypt 2.8 6 2.4 - 3.2
115 Malawi 2.8 6 2.4 - 3.1
115 Maldives 2.8 4 1.7 - 4.3
115 Mauritania 2.8 7 2.2 - 3.7
115 Niger 2.8 6 2.4 - 3.0
115 Zambia 2.8 7 2.5 - 3.0
121 Nepal 2.7 6 2.4 - 3.0
121 Nigeria 2.7 7 2.3 - 3.0
121 Sao Tome and Principe 2.7 3 2.1 - 3.1
121 Togo 2.7 6 1.9 - 3.7
121 Viet Nam 2.7 9 2.4 - 3.1
126 Eritrea 2.6 5 1.7 - 3.6
126 Ethiopia 2.6 7 2.2 - 2.9
126 Guyana 2.6 4 2.4 - 2.7
126 Honduras 2.6 6 2.3 - 2.9
126 Indonesia 2.6 10 2.3 - 2.9
126 Libya 2.6 5 2.2 - 3.0
126 Mozambique 2.6 7 2.4 - 2.9
126 Uganda 2.6 7 2.2 - 3.0
134 Comoros 2.5 3 1.9 - 3.0
134 Nicaragua 2.5 6 2.2 - 2.7
134 Pakistan 2.5 7 2.0 - 2.8
134 Ukraine 2.5 8 2.2 - 2.8
138 Liberia 2.4 4 1.8 - 2.8
138 Paraguay 2.4 5 2.0 - 2.7
138 Tonga 2.4 3 1.9 - 2.6
141 Cameroon 2.3 7 2.0 - 2.7
141 Iran 2.3 4 1.9 - 2.5
141 Philippines 2.3 9 2.1 - 2.5
141 Yemen 2.3 5 1.9 - 2.8
145 Kazakhstan 2.2 6 1.8 - 2.7
145 Timor-Leste 2.2 4 1.8 - 2.5
147 Bangladesh 2.1 7 1.7 - 2.4
147 Kenya 2.1 7 1.9 - 2.4
147 Russia 2.1 8 1.9 - 2.5
147 Syria 2.1 5 1.6 - 2.4
151 Belarus 2.0 5 1.6 - 2.5
151 Central African Republic 2.0 5 1.9 - 2.2
151 Côte d´Ivoire 2.0 6 1.7 - 2.5
151 Ecuador 2.0 5 1.8 - 2.2
151 Laos 2.0 6 1.6 - 2.3
151 Papua New Guinea 2.0 6 1.6 - 2.3
151 Taijikistan 2.0 8 1.7 - 2.3
158 Angola 1.9 6 1.5 - 2.2
158 Azerbaijan 1.9 8 1.7 - 2.1
158 Burundi 1.9 6 1.5 - 2.3
158 Congo. Republic 1.9 6 1.8 - 2.0
158 Gambia 1.9 5 1.5 - 2.4
158 Guinea-Bissau 1.9 3 1.8 - 2.0
158 Sierra Leone 1.9 5 1.8 - 2.0
158 Venezuela 1.9 7 1.8 - 2.0
166 Cambodia 1.8 7 1.7 - 1.9
166 Kyrgyzstan 1.8 7 1.7 - 1.9
166 Turkmenistan 1.8 5 1.5 - 2.2
166 Uzbekistan 1.8 8 1.5 - 2.2
166 Zimbabwe 1.8 7 1.5 - 2.1
171 Congo. Democratic Republic 1.7 6 1.6 - 1.9
171 Equatorial Guinea 1.7 4 1.5 - 1.8
173 Chad 1.6 6 1.5 - 1.7
173 Guinea 1.6 6 1.3 - 1.9
173 Sudan 1.6 6 1.5 - 1.7
176 Afghanistan 1.5 4 1.1 - 1.6
177 Haiti 1.4 4 1.1 - 1.7
178 Iraq 1.3 4 1.1 - 1.6
178 Myanmar 1.3 4 1.0 - 1.5
180 Somalia 1.0 4 0.5 - 1.4

Background information

  • CPI Score relates to perceptions of the degree of corruption as seen by business people and country analysts, and ranges between 10 (highly clean) and 0 (highly corrupt).
  • Confidence range provides a range of possible values of the CPI score. This reflects how a country's score may vary, depending on measurement precision. Nominally, with 5 percent probability the score is above this range and with another 5 percent it is below. However, particularly when only few sources are available, an unbiased estimate of the mean coverage probability is lower than the nominal value of 90 per cent.
  • Surveys used refers to the number of surveys that assessed a country's performance. Thirteen surveys and expert assessments were used and at least 3 were required for a country to be included in the CPI.
  • Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about the Corruption Perceptions Index 2008
  • View sources by country (PDF)
  • View sources by country (XLS)
  • View short methodology note
  • View long methodology note

Watch a Spanish-language video about the 2008 Corruption Perceptions Index