Corruption Perceptions Index 2004

If we hope to reach the Millennium Development Goal of halving the number of people living in extreme poverty by 2015, governments need to seriously tackle corruption in public contracting."

– Peter Eigen, Chair of Transparency International

A total of 106 out of 146 countries score less than 5 against a clean score of 10, according to the 2004 Corruption Perceptions Index. Sixty countries score less than 3 out of 10, indicating rampant corruption. Corruption is perceived to be most acute in Bangladesh, Haiti, Nigeria, Chad, Myanmar, Azerbaijan and Paraguay, all of which have a score of less than 2.

"Corruption robs countries of their potential," says Peter Eigen, Chair of Transparency International. "As the Corruption Perceptions Index 2004 shows, oil-rich Angola, Azerbaijan, Chad, Ecuador, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Libya, Nigeria, Russia, Sudan, Venezuela and Yemen all have extremely low scores. In these countries, public contracting in the oil sector is plagued by revenues vanishing into the pockets of western oil executives, middlemen and local officials."

Corruption Perceptions Index 2004: Results

Rank Country/Territory CPI 2004 Score Confidence Range Surveys Used
1 Finland 9.7 9.5 - 9.8 9
2 New Zealand 9.6 9.4 - 9.6 9

3

Denmark 9.5 9.3 - 9.7 10
Iceland 9.5 9.4 - 9.7 8
5 Singapore 9.3 9.2 - 9.4 13
6 Sweden 9.2 9.1 - 9.3 11
7 Switzerland 9.1 8.9 - 9.2 10
8 Norway 8.9 8.6 - 9.1 9
9 Australia 8.8 8.4 - 9.1 15
10 Netherlands 8.7 8.5 - 8.9 10
11 United Kingdom 8.6 8.4 - 8.8 12
12 Canada 8.5 8.1 - 8.9 12

13

Austria 8.4 8.1 - 8.8 10
Luxembourg 8.4 8.0 - 8.9 7
15 Germany 8.2 8.0 - 8.5 11
16 Hong Kong 8.0 7.1 - 8.5 13

17

Belgium 7.5 7.1 - 8.0 10
Ireland 7.5 7.2 - 7.9 10
USA 7.5 6.9 - 8.0 14
20 Chile 7.4 7.0 - 7.8 11
21 Barbados 7.3 6.6 - 7.6 3

22

France 7.1 6.6 - 7.6 12
Spain 7.1 6.7 - 7.4 11
24 Japan 6.9 6.2 - 7.4 15
25 Malta 6.8 5.3 - 8.2 4
26 Israel 6.4 5.6 - 7.1 10
27 Portugal 6.3 5.8 - 6.8 9
28 Uruguay 6.2 5.9 - 6.7 6

29

Oman 6.1 5.1 - 6.8 5
United Arab Emirates 6.1 5.1 - 7.1 5

31

Botswana 6.0 5.3 - 6.8 7
Estonia 6.0 5.6 - 6.7 12
Slovenia 6.0 5.6 - 6.6 12
34 Bahrain 5.8 5.5 - 6.2 5
35 Taiwan 5.6 5.2 - 6.1 15
36 Cyprus 5.4 5.0 - 5.8 4
37 Jordan 5.3 4.6 - 5.9 9
38 Qatar 5.2 4.6 - 5.6 4

39

Malaysia 5.0 4.5 - 5.6 15
Tunisia 5.0 4.5 - 5.6 7
41 Costa Rica 4.9 4.2 - 5.8 8

42

Hungary 4.8 4.6 - 5.0 12
Italy 4.8 4.4 - 5.1 10

44

Kuwait 4.6 3.8 - 5.3 5
Lithuania 4.6 4.0 - 5.4 9
South Africa 4.6 4.2 - 5.0 11
47 South Korea 4.5 4.0 - 4.9 14
48 Seychelles 4.4 3.7 - 5.0 3

49

Greece 4.3 4.0 - 4.8 9
Suriname 4.3 2.1 - 5.8 3

51

Czech Republic 4.2 3.7 - 4.9 11
El Salvador 4.2 3.3 - 5.1 7
Trinidad and Tobago 4.2 3.6 - 5.2 6

54

Bulgaria 4.1 3.7 - 4.6 10
Mauritius 4.1 3.2 - 4.8 5
Namibia 4.1 3.5 - 4.6 7

57

Latvia 4.0 3.8 - 4.3 8
Slovakia 4.0 3.6 - 4.5 11
59 Brazil 3.9 3.7 - 4.1 11

60

Belize 3.8 3.4 - 4.1 3
Colombia 3.8 3.4 - 4.1 10

62

Cuba 3.7 2.2 - 4.7 4
Panama 3.7 3.4 - 4.2 7

64

Ghana 3.6 3.1 - 4.1 7
Mexico 3.6 3.3 - 3.8 11
Thailand 3.6 3.3 - 3.9 14

67

Croatia 3.5 3.3 - 3.8 9
Peru 3.5 3.3 - 3.7 8
Poland 3.5 3.1 - 3.9 13
Sri Lanka 3.5 3.1 - 3.9 8

71

China 3.4 3.0 - 3.8 16
Saudi Arabia 3.4 2.7 - 4.0 5
Syria 3.4 2.8 - 4.1 5

74

Belarus 3.3 1.9 - 4.8 5
Gabon 3.3 2.1 - 3.7 3
Jamaica 3.3 2.8 - 3.7 6

77

Benin 3.2 2.0 - 4.3 3
Egypt 3.2 2.7 - 3.8 8
Mali 3.2 2.2 - 4.2 5
Morocco 3.2 2.9 - 3.5 7
Turkey 3.2 2.8 - 3.7 13

82

Armenia 3.1 2.4 - 3.7 5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.1 2.7 - 3.5 7
Madagascar 3.1 1.8 - 4.4 4

85

Mongolia 3.0 2.6 - 3.2 3
Senegal 3.0 2.5 - 3.5 6

87

Dominican Republic 2.9 2.4 - 3.3 6
Iran 2.9 2.2 - 3.4 5
Romania 2.9 2.5 - 3.4 12

90

Gambia 2.8 2.2 - 3.4 5
India 2.8 2.6 - 3.0 15
Malawi 2.8 2.2 - 3.7 5
Mozambique 2.8 2.4 - 3.1 7
Nepal 2.8 1.6 - 3.4 3
Russia 2.8 2.5 - 3.1 15
Tanzania 2.8 2.4 - 3.2 7

97

Algeria 2.7 2.3 - 3.0 6
Lebanon 2.7 2.1 - 3.2 5
Macedonia 2.7 2.3 - 3.2 7
Nicaragua 2.7 2.5 - 3.0 7
Serbia and Montenegro 2.7 2.3 - 3.0 7

102

Eritrea 2.6 1.6 - 3.4 3
Papua New Guinea 2.6 1.9 - 3.4 4
Philippines 2.6 2.4 - 2.9 14
Uganda 2.6 2.1 - 3.1 7
Vietnam 2.6 2.3 - 2.9 11
Zambia 2.6 2.3 - 2.9 6

108

Albania 2.5 2.0 - 3.0 4
Argentina 2.5 2.2 - 2.8 11
Libya 2.5 1.9 - 3.0 4
Palestinian Authority 2.5 2.0 - 2.7 3

112

Ecuador 2.4 2.3 - 2.5 7
Yemen 2.4 1.9 - 2.9 5

114

Congo. Republic of 2.3 2.0 - 2.7 4
Ethiopia 2.3 1.9 - 2.9 6
Honduras 2.3 2.0 - 2.6 7
Moldova 2.3 2.0 - 2.8 5
Sierra Leone 2.3 2.0 - 2.7 3
Uzbekistan 2.3 2.1 - 2.4 6
Venezuela 2.3 2.2 - 2.5 11
Zimbabwe 2.3 1.9 - 2.7 7

122

Bolivia 2.2 2.1 - 2.3 6
Guatemala 2.2 2.0 - 2.4 7
Kazakhstan 2.2 1.8 - 2.7 7
Kyrgyzstan 2.2 2.0 - 2.5 5
Niger 2.2 2.0 - 2.5 3
Sudan 2.2 2.0 - 2.3 5
Ukraine 2.2 2.0 - 2.4 10

129

Cameroon 2.1 1.9 - 2.3 5
Iraq 2.1 1.3 - 2.8 4
Kenya 2.1 1.9 - 2.4 7
Pakistan 2.1 1.6 - 2.6 7

133

Angola 2.0 1.7 - 2.1 5
Congo. Democratic Republic 2.0 1.5 - 2.2 3
Cote d´Ivoire 2.0 1.7 - 2.2 5
Georgia 2.0 1.6 - 2.3 7
Indonesia 2.0 1.7 - 2.2 14
Tajikistan 2.0 1.7 - 2.4 4
Turkmenistan 2.0 1.6 - 2.3 3

140

Azerbaijan 1.9 1.8 - 2.0 7
Paraguay 1.9 1.7 - 2.2 7

142

Chad 1.7 1.1 - 2.3 4
Myanmar 1.7 1.5 - 2.0 4
144 Nigeria 1.6 1.4 - 1.8 9

145

Bangladesh 1.5 1.1 - 1.9 8
Haiti 1.5 1.2 - 1.9 5

Background information

  • CPI Score relates to perceptions of the degree of corruption as seen by business people and country analysts and ranges between 10 (highly clean) and 0 (highly corrupt).
  • Confidence range provides a range of possible values of the CPI score. This reflects how a country's score may vary, depending on measurement precision. Nominally, with 5 percent probability the score is above this range and with another 5 percent it is below. However, particularly when only few sources (n) are available an unbiased estimate of the mean coverage probability is lower than the nominal value of 90%.
  • Surveys used refers to the number of surveys that assessed a country's performance. 18 surveys and expert assessments were used and at least 3 were required for a country to be included in the CPI.
  • Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about the Corruption Perceptions Index 2004
  • View the background framework paper for the Corruption Perceptions Index 2004
  • View sources documentation
  • View short methodology note