Corruption Perceptions Index 2003

Rich countries must provide practical support to developing country governments that demonstrate the political will to curb corruption."

– Peter Eigen, Chair of Transparency International
(see full statement)

"Seven out of ten countries score less than 5 out of a clean score of 10 in the TI CPI 2003, which reflects perceived levels of corruption among politicians and public officials in 133 countries," explains Peter Eigen, Chair of Transparency International. "Five out of ten developing countries score less than 3 out of 10, indicating a high level of corruption." The annual Corruption Perceptions Index reflects the perceptions of business people, academics and risk analysts, both resident and non-resident. The statistical work was co-ordinated by Prof. Dr Johann Graf Lambsdorff at Passau University in Germany, advised by a group of international specialists.

Corruption is perceived to be pervasive in Bangladesh, Nigeria, Haiti, Paraguay, Myanmar, Tajikistan, Georgia, Cameroon, Azerbaijan, Angola, Kenya, and Indonesia, countries with a score of less than 2 in the new index. Countries with a score of higher than 9, with very low levels of perceived corruption, are rich countries, namely Finland, Iceland, Denmark, New Zealand, Singapore and Sweden.

Corruption Perceptions Index 2003: Results

Rank Country/Territory CPI 2003 Score Surveys Used Standard Deviation High-Low Range
1 Finland 9.7 8 0.3 9.2 - 10.0
2 Iceland 9.6 7 0.3 9.2 - 10.0

3

Denmark 9.5 9 0.4 8.8 - 9.9
New Zealand 9.5 8 0.2 9.2 - 9.6
5 Singapore 9.4 12 0.1 9.2 - 9.5
6 Sweden 9.3 11 0.2 8.8 - 9.6
7 Netherlands 8.9 9 0.3 8.5 - 9.3

8

Australia 8.8 12 0.9 6.7 - 9.5
Norway 8.8 8 0.5 8.0 - 9.3
Switzerland 8.8 9 0.8 6.9 - 9.4

11

Canada 8.7 12 0.9 6.5 - 9.4
Luxembourg 8.7 6 0.4 8.0 - 9.2
United Kingdom 8.7 13 0.5 7.8 - 9.2

14

Austria 8.0 9 0.7 7.3 - 9.3
Hong Kong 8.0 11 1.1 5.6 - 9.3
16 Germany 7.7 11 1.2 4.9 - 9.2
17 Belgium 7.6 9 0.9 6.6 - 9.2

18

Ireland 7.5 9 0.7 6.5 - 8.8
USA 7.5 13 1.2 4.9 - 9.2
20 Chile 7.4 12 0.9 5.6 - 8.8

21

Israel 7.0 10 1.2 4.7 - 8.1
Japan 7.0 13 1.1 5.5 - 8.8

23

France 6.9 12 1.1 4.8 - 9.0
Spain 6.9 11 0.8 5.2 - 7.8
25 Portugal 6.6 9 1.2 4.9 - 8.1
26 Oman 6.3 4 0.9 5.5 - 7.3

27

Bahrain 6.1 3 1.1 5.5 - 7.4
Cyprus 6.1 3 1.6 4.7 - 7.8
29 Slovenia 5.9 12 1.2 4.7 - 8.8

30

Botswana 5.7 6 0.9 4.7 - 7.3
Taiwan 5.7 13 1.0 3.6 - 7.8
32 Qatar 5.6 3 0.1 5.5 - 5.7

33

Estonia 5.5 12 0.6 4.7 - 6.6
Uruguay 5.5 7 1.1 4.1 - 7.4

35

Italy 5.3 11 1.1 3.3 - 7.3
Kuwait 5.3 4 1.7 3.3 - 7.4

37

Malaysia 5.2 13 1.1 3.6 - 8.0
United Arab Emirates 5.2 3 0.5 4.6 - 5.6
39 Tunisia 4.9 6 0.7 3.6 - 5.6
40 Hungary 4.8 13 0.6 4.0 - 5.6

41

Lithuania 4.7 10 1.6 3.0 - 7.7
Namibia 4.7 6 1.3 3.6 - 6.6

43

Cuba 4.6 3 1.0 3.6 - 5.5
Jordan 4.6 7 1.1 3.6 - 6.5
Trinidad and Tobago 4.6 6 1.3 3.4 - 6.9

46

Belize 4.5 3 0.9 3.6 - 5.5
Saudi Arabia 4.5 4 2.0 2.8 - 7.4

48

Mauritius 4.4 5 0.7 3.6 - 5.5
South Africa 4.4 12 0.6 3.6 - 5.5

50

Costa Rica 4.3 8 0.7 3.5 - 5.5
Greece 4.3 9 0.8 3.7 - 5.6
South Korea 4.3 12 1.0 2.0 - 5.6
53 Belarus 4.2 5 1.8 2.0 - 5.8

54

Brazil 3.9 12 0.5 3.3 - 4.7
Bulgaria 3.9 10 0.9 2.8 - 5.7
Czech Republic 3.9 12 0.9 2.6 - 5.6

57

Jamaica 3.8 5 0.4 3.3 - 4.3
Latvia 3.8 7 0.4 3.4 - 4.7

59

Colombia 3.7 11 0.5 2.7 - 4.4
Croatia 3.7 8 0.6 2.6 - 4.7
El Salvador 3.7 7 1.5 2.0 - 6.3
Peru 3.7 9 0.6 2.7 - 4.9
Slovakia 3.7 11 0.7 2.9 - 4.7

64

Mexico 3.6 12 0.6 2.4 - 4.9
Poland 3.6 14 1.1 2.4 - 5.6

66

China 3.4 13 1.0 2.0 - 5.5
Panama 3.4 7 0.8 2.7 - 5.0
Sri Lanka 3.4 7 0.7 2.4 - 4.4
Syria 3.4 4 1.3 2.0 - 5.0

70

Bosnia & Herzegovina 3.3 6 0.7 2.2 - 3.9
Dominican Republic 3.3 6 0.4 2.7 - 3.8
Egypt 3.3 9 1.3 1.8 - 5.3
Ghana 3.3 6 0.9 2.7 - 5.0
Morocco 3.3 5 1.3 2.4 - 5.5
Thailand 3.3 13 0.9 1.4 - 4.4
76 Senegal 3.2 6 1.2 2.2 - 5.5
77 Turkey 3.1 14 0.9 1.8 - 5.4

78

Armenia 3.0 5 0.8 2.2 - 4.1
Iran 3.0 4 1.0 1.5 - 3.6
Lebanon 3.0 4 0.8 2.1 - 3.6
Mali 3.0 3 1.8 1.4 - 5.0
Palestine 3.0 3 1.2 2.0 - 4.3

83

India 2.8 14 0.4 2.1 - 3.6
Malawi 2.8 4 1.2 2.0 - 4.4
Romania 2.8 12 1.0 1.6 - 5.0

86

Mozambique 2.7 5 0.7 2.0 - 3.6
Russia 2.7 16 0.8 1.4 - 4.9

88

Algeria 2.6 4 0.5 2.0 - 3.0
Madagascar 2.6 3 1.8 1.2 - 4.7
Nicaragua 2.6 7 0.5 2.0 - 3.3
Yemen 2.6 4 0.7 2.0 - 3.4

92

Albania 2.5 5 0.6 1.9 - 3.2
Argentina 2.5 12 0.5 1.6 - 3.2
Ethiopia 2.5 5 0.8 1.5 - 3.6
Gambia 2.5 4 0.9 1.5 - 3.6
Pakistan 2.5 7 0.9 1.5 - 3.9
Philippines 2.5 12 0.5 1.6 - 3.6
Tanzania 2.5 6 0.6 2.0 - 3.3
Zambia 2.5 5 0.6 2.0 - 3.3

100

Guatemala 2.4 8 0.6 1.5 - 3.4
Kazakhstan 2.4 7 0.9 1.6 - 3.8
Moldova 2.4 5 0.8 1.6 - 3.6
Uzbekistan 2.4 6 0.5 2.0 - 3.3
Venezuela 2.4 12 0.5 1.4 - 3.1
Vietnam 2.4 8 0.8 1.4 - 3.6

106

Bolivia 2.3 6 0.4 1.9 - 2.9
Honduras 2.3 7 0.6 1.4 - 3.3
Macedonia 2.3 5 0.3 2.0 - 2.7
Serbia & Montenegro 2.3 5 0.5 2.0 - 3.2
Sudan 2.3 4 0.3 2.0 - 2.7
Ukraine 2.3 10 0.6 1.6 - 3.8
Zimbabwe 2.3 7 0.3 2.0 - 2.7

113

Congo, Republic of the 2.2 3 0.5 2.0 - 2.8
Ecuador 2.2 8 0.3 1.8 - 2.6
Iraq 2.2 3 1.1 1.2 - 3.4
Sierra Leone 2.2 3 0.5 2.0 - 2.8
Uganda 2.2 6 0.7 1.8 - 3.5

118

Cote d'Ivoire 2.1 5 0.5 1.5 - 2.7
Kyrgyzstan 2.1 5 0.4 1.6 - 2.7
Libya 2.1 3 0.5 1.7 - 2.7
Papua New Guinea 2.1 3 0.6 1.5 - 2.7

122

Indonesia 1.9 13 0.5 0.7 - 2.9
Kenya 1.9 7 0.3 1.5 - 2.4

124

Angola 1.8 3 0.3 1.4 - 2.0
Azerbaijan 1.8 7 0.3 1.4 - 2.3
Cameroon 1.8 5 0.2 1.4 - 2.0
Georgia 1.8 6 0.7 0.9 - 2.8
Tajikistan 1.8 3 0.3 1.5 - 2.0

129

Myanmar 1.6 3 0.3 1.4 - 2.0
Paraguay 1.6 6 0.3 1.2 - 2.0
131 Haiti 1.5 5 0.6 0.7 - 2.3
132 Nigeria 1.4 9 0.4 0.9 - 2.0
133 Bangladesh 1.3 8 0.7 0.3 - 2.2

 

 

Background information

  • CPI 2003 Score relates to perceptions of the degree of corruption as seen by business people, academics and risk analysts, and ranges between 10 (highly clean) and 0 (highly corrupt).
  • Surveys Used refers to the number of surveys that assessed a country's performance. A total of 17 surveys were used from 13 independent institutions, and at least three surveys were required for a country to be included in the CPI.
  • Standard Deviation indicates differences in the values of the sources: the greater the standard deviation, the greater the differences of perceptions of a country among the sources.
  • High-Low Range provides the highest and lowest values of the different sources.
  • View the background framework paper for the Corruption Perceptions Index 2003
  • View sources by country
  • View sources documentation