Corruption Perceptions Index 2000

We all yearn for improvement, but positive change only comes slowly when the enemy is endemic corruption. Perceptions of levels of corruption do not change greatly from one year to the next. Positive results are only going to emerge from tireless and consistent multi-year efforts."

– Peter Eigen, Chair of Transparency International

The 2000 Corruption Perceptions Index covers 90 countries, compared to 99 last year. Some countries had to be dropped because there was insufficient 1998-2000 data. For example, some of the surveys used in the CPI are based on international investor attitudes and if a country is widely seen to no longer interest investors, then some survey sources may drop that country in their polling. The message is clear: dropping out of the CPI for lack of data may be bad news for countries and may indicate reduced investor interest stimulated by enhanced perceptions of widespread corruption in these countries.

Corruption Perceptions Index 2000: Results

Rank Country/Territory CPI 2000 Score Surveys Used Standard Deviation High-Low Range
1 Finland 10.0 8 0.6 9.0 - 10.4
2 Denmark 9.8 9 0.8 8.6 - 10.6
3 New Zealand 9.4 8 0.8 8.1 - 10.2
Sweden 9.4 9 0.7 8.1 - 9.9
5 Canada 9.2 9 0.7 8.1 - 9.9
6 Iceland 9.1 7 1.1 7.3 - 9.9
Norway 9.1 8 0.7 7.6 - 9.5
Singapore 9.1 11 1.0 6.2 - 9.7
9 Netherlands 8.9 9 0.6 8.1 - 9.9
10 United Kingdom 8.7 9 0.6 7.3 - 9.7
11 Luxembourg 8.6 7 0.7 7.4 - 9.3
Switzerland 8.6 8 0.3 8.1 - 9.1
13 Australia 8.3 10 1.0 6.7 - 9.3
14 USA 7.8 10 0.8 6.2 - 9.2
15 Austria 7.7 8 0.7 6.2 - 8.5
Hong Kong 7.7 11 1.2 4.3 - 8.6
17 Germany 7.6 8 0.8 6.2 - 8.4
18 Chile 7.4 8 0.9 5.7 - 8.4
19 Ireland 7.2 8 1.9 2.5 - 8.5
20 Spain 7.0 8 0.7 5.9 - 8.0
21 France 6.7 9 1.0 4.3 - 7.7
22 Israel 6.6 8 1.3 4.3 - 7.9
23 Japan 6.4 11 1.3 4.3 - 7.8
Portugal 6.4 9 0.9 5.3 - 8.1
25 Belgium 6.1 9 1.3 4.3 - 8.8
26 Botswana 6.0 4 1.6 4.3 - 8.2
27 Estonia 5.7 4 1.6 4.4 - 8.1
28 Slovenia 5.5 6 1.1 4.1 - 7.3
Taiwan 5.5 11 1.4 2.5 - 7.2
30 Costa Rica 5.4 4 1.9 3.8 - 8.1
Namibia 5.4 4 0.8 4.3 - 6.1
32 Hungary 5.2 10 1.2 3.9 - 8.1
Tunisia 5.2 4 1.5 3.8 - 7.1
34 South Africa 5.0 10 0.9 3.8 - 6.6
35 Greece 4.9 8 1.7 3.7 - 8.1
36 Malaysia 4.8 11 0.6 3.8 - 5.9
37 Mauritius 4.7 5 0.8 3.9 - 5.6
Morocco 4.7 4 0.7 4.2 - 5.6
39 Italy 4.6 8 0.6 4.0 - 5.6
Jordan 4.6 5 0.8 3.8 - 5.7
41 Peru 4.4 5 0.5 3.8 - 5.0
42 Czech Republic 4.3 10 0.9 3.3 - 6.2
43 Belarus 4.1 3 0.8 3.4 - 4.9
El Salvador 4.1 4 1.7 2.1 - 6.2
Lithuania 4.1 4 0.3 3.8 - 4.4
Malawi 4.1 4 0.4 3.8 - 4.8
Poland 4.1 11 0.8 2.8 - 5.6
48 South Korea 4.0 11 0.6 3.4 - 5.6
49 Brazil 3.9 8 0.3 3.6 - 4.5
50 Turkey 3.8 8 0.8 2.1 - 4.5
51 Croatia 3.7 4 0.4 3.4 - 4.3
52 Argentina 3.5 8 0.6 3.0 - 4.5
Bulgaria 3.5 6 0.4 3.3 - 4.3
Ghana 3.5 4 0.9 2.5 - 4.7
Senegal 3.5 3 0.8 2.8 - 4.3
Slovak Republic 3.5 7 1.2 2.2 - 6.2
57 Latvia 3.4 3 1.3 2.1 - 4.4
Zambia 3.4 4 1.4 2.1 - 5.1
59 Mexico 3.3 8 0.5 2.5 - 4.1
60 Colombia 3.2 8 0.8 2.5 - 4.5
Ethiopia 3.2 3 0.8 2.5 - 3.9
Thailand 3.2 11 0.6 2.4 - 4.0
63 China 3.1 11 1.0 0.6 - 4.3
Egypt 3.1 7 0.7 2.3 - 4.1
65 Burkina Faso 3.0 3 1.0 2.5 - 4.4
Kazakhstan 3.0 4 1.2 2.1 - 4.3
Zimbabwe 3.0 7 1.5 0.6 - 4.9
68 Romania 2.9 4 1.0 2.1 - 4.3
69 India 2.8 11 0.7 2.3 - 4.3
Philippines 2.8 11 1.0 1.7 - 4.7
71 Bolivia 2.7 4 1.3 1.7 - 4.3
Côte-d'Ivoire 2.7 4 0.8 2.1 - 3.6
Venezuela 2.7 8 0.7 2.1 - 4.3
74 Ecuador 2.6 4 1.0 2.1 - 4.3
Moldova 2.6 4 0.9 1.8 - 3.8
76 Armenia 2.5 3 0.6 2.4 - 3.5
Tanzania 2.5 4 0.6 2.1 - 3.5
Vietnam 2.5 8 0.6 2.1 - 3.8
79 Uzbekistan 2.4 3 0.9 2.1 - 3.7
80 Uganda 2.3 4 0.6 2.1 - 3.5
81 Mozambique 2.2 3 0.2 2.4 - 2.7
82 Kenya 2.1 4 0.3 2.1 - 2.7
Russia 2.1 10 1.1 0.6 - 4.1
84 Cameroon 2.0 4 0.6 1.6 - 3.0
85 Angola 1.7 3 0.4 1.6 - 2.5
Indonesia 1.7 11 0.8 0.5 - 3.2
87 Azerbaijan 1.5 4 0.9 0.6 - 2.5
Ukraine 1.5 7 0.7 0.5 - 2.5
89 Yugoslavia 1.3 3 0.9 0.6 - 2.4
90 Nigeria 1.2 4 0.6 0.6 - 2.1

Background information

  • CPI 2000 Score relates to perceptions of the degree of corruption as seen by business people, risk analysts and the general public and ranges between 10 (highly clean) and 0 (highly corrupt).
  • Surveys Used refers to the number of surveys that assessed a country's performance. 16 surveys were used and at least 3 surveys were required for a country to be included in the CPI.
  • Standard Deviation indicates differences in the values of the sources: the greater the standard deviation, the greater the differences of perceptions of a country among the sources.
  • High-Low Range provides the highest and lowest values of the sources. And, because of statistical factors it is possible, as seen in the top three cases in this CPI, that the highest value exceeds 10.0 in this column.
  • View the background framework paper for the Corruption Perceptions Index 2000