Corruption Perceptions Index 1999

Transparency International has recently been reviewing the impact of the Corruption Perceptions Index and ways to improve the application of surveys to raise public understanding of corruption. One result has been the inclusion of 99 countries this year, compared to 85 last year and 52 in 1997.

Corruption Perceptions Index 1999: Results

Rank Country/Territory CPI 1999 Score Standard Deviation Surveys Used
1 Denmark 10.0 0.8 9
2 Finland 9.8 0.5 10
3 New Zealand 9.4 0.8 9
Sweden 9.4 0.6 10
5 Canada 9.2 0.5 10
Iceland 9.2 1.2 6
7 Singapore 9.1 0.9 12
8 Netherlands 9.0 0.5 10
9 Norway 8.9 0.8 9
Switzerland 8.9 0.6 11
11 Luxembourg 8.8 0.9 8
12 Australia 8.7 0.7 8
13 United Kingdom 8.6 0.5 11
14 Germany 8.0 0.5 10
15 Hong Kong 7.7 1.6 13
Ireland 7.7 1.9 10
17 Austria 7.6 0.8 11
18 USA 7.5 0.8 10
19 Chile 6.9 1.0 9
20 Israel 6.8 1.3 9
21 Portugal 6.7 1.0 10
22 France 6.6 1.0 10
Spain 6.6 0.7 10
24 Botswana 6.1 1.7 4
25 Japan 6.0 1.6 12
Slovenia 6.0 1.3 6
27 Estonia 5.7 1.2 7
28 Taiwan 5.6 0.9 12
29 Belgium 5.3 1.3 9
Namibia 5.3 0.9 3
31 Hungary 5.2 1.1 13
32 Costa Rica 5.1 1.5 7
Malaysia 5.1 0.5 12
34 South Africa 5.0 0.8 12
Tunisia 5.0 1.9 3
36 Greece 4.9 1.7 9
Mauritius 4.9 0.7 4
38 Italy 4.7 0.6 10
39 Czech Republic 4.6 0.8 12
40 Peru 4.5 0.8 6
41 Jordan 4.4 0.8 6
Uruguay 4.4 0.9 3
43 Mongolia 4.3 1.0 3
44 Poland 4.2 0.8 12
45 Brazil 4.1 0.8 11
Malawi 4.1 0.5 4
Morocco 4.1 1.7 4
Zimbabwe 4.1 1.4 9
49 El Salvador 3.9 1.9 4
50 Jamaica 3.8 0.4 3
Lithuania 3.8 0.5 6
South Korea 3.8 0.9 13
53 Slovak Republic 3.7 1.5 9
54 Philippines 3.6 1.4 12
Turkey 3.6 1.0 10
56 Mozambique 3.5 2.2 3
Zambia 3.5 1.5 4
58 Belarus 3.4 1.4 6
China 3.4 0.7 11
Latvia 3.4 1.3 7
Mexico 3.4 0.5 9
Senegal 3.4 0.8 3
63 Bulgaria 3.3 1.4 8
Egypt 3.3 0.6 5
Ghana 3.3 1.0 4
Macedonia 3.3 1.2 5
Romania 3.3 1.0 6
68 Guatemala 3.2 2.5 3
Thailand 3.2 0.7 12
70 Nicaragua 3.1 2.5 3
71 Argentina 3.0 0.8 10
72 Colombia 2.9 0.5 11
India 2.9 0.6 14
74 Croatia 2.7 0.9 5
75 Ivory Coast 2.6 1.0 4
Moldova 2.6 0.8 5
Ukraine 2.6 1.4 10
Venezuela 2.6 0.8 9
Vietnam 2.6 0.5 8
80 Armenia 2.5 0.4 4
Bolivia 2.5 1.1 6
82 Ecuador 2.4 1.3 4
Russia 2.4 1.0 13
84 Albania 2.3 0.3 5
Georgia 2.3 0.7 4
Kazakhstan 2.3 1.3 5
87 Kyrgyz Republic 2.2 0.4 4
Pakistan 2.2 0.7 3
Uganda 2.2 0.7 5
90 Kenya 2.0 0.5 4
Paraguay 2.0 0.8 4
Yugoslavia 2.0 1.1 6
93 Tanzania 1.9 1.1 4
94 Honduras 1.8 0.5 3
Uzbekistan 1.8 0.4 4
96 Azerbaijan 1.7 0.6 5
Indonesia 1.7 0.9 12
98 Nigeria 1.6 0.8 5
99 Cameroon 1.5 0.5 4

Background information

  • CPI 1999 Score relates to perceptions of the degree of corruption as seen by business people, risk analysts and the general public, and ranges between 10 (highly clean) and 0 (highly corrupt).
  • Surveys Used refers to the number of surveys that assessed a country's performance. Seventeen surveys were used and at least 3 surveys were required for a country to be included into the 1999 CPI.
  • Standard Deviation indicates differences in the values of the sources: the greater the standard deviation, the greater the differences of perceptions of a country among the sources.
  • Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about the Corruption Perceptions Index 1999
  • View the background framework paper for the Corruption Perceptions Index 1999
  • View sources documentation