Corruption Perceptions Index 1998

Underlying the CPI is the reality that much of the world's most damaging bribery comes directly from business enterprises trading and investing internationally."

– Peter Eigen, Chair of Transparency International
(see full statement)

Corruption Perceptions Index 1998: Results

Rank Country/Territory CPI 1998 Score Standard Deviation Surveys Used
1 Denmark 10.0 0.7 9
2 Finland 9.6 0.5 9
3 Sweden 9.5 0.5 9
4 New Zealand 9.4 0.7 8
5 Iceland 9.3 0.9 6
6 Canada 9.2 0.5 9
7 Singapore 9.1 1.0 10
8 Netherlands 9.0 0.7 9
Norway 9.0 0.7 9
10 Switzerland 8.9 0.6 10
11 Australia 8.7 0.7 8
Luxembourg 8.7 0.9 7
United Kingdom 8.7 0.5 10
14 Ireland 8.2 1.4 10
15 Germany 7.9 0.4 10
16 Hong Kong 7.8 1.1 12
17 Austria 7.5 0.8 9
United States 7.5 0.9 8
19 Israel 7.1 1.4 9
20 Chile 6.8 0.9 9
21 France 6.7 0.6 9
22 Portugal 6.5 1.0 10
23 Botswana 6.1 2.2 3
Spain 6.1 1.3 10
25 Japan 5.8 1.6 11
26 Estonia 5.7 0.5 3
27 Costa Rica 5.6 1.6 5
28 Belgium 5.4 1.4 9
29 Malaysia 5.3 0.4 11
Namibia 5.3 1.0 3
Taiwan 5.3 0.7 11
32 South Africa 5.2 0.8 10
33 Hungary 5.0 1.2 9
Mauritius 5.0 0.8 3
Tunisia 5.0 2.1 3
36 Greece 4.9 1.7 9
37 Czech Republic 4.8 0.8 9
38 Jordan 4.7 1.1 6
39 Italy 4.6 0.8 10
Poland 4.6 1.6 8
41 Peru 4.5 0.8 6
42 Uruguay 4.3 0.9 3
43 South Korea 4.2 1.2 12
Zimbabwe 4.2 2.2 6
45 Malawi 4.1 0.6 4
46 Brazil 4.0 0.4 9
47 Belarus 3.9 1.9 3
Slovak Republic 3.9 1.6 5
49 Jamaica 3.8 0.4 3
50 Morocco 3.7 1.8 3
51 El Salvador 3.6 2.3 3
52 China 3.5 0.7 10
Zambia 3.5 1.6 4
54 Turkey 3.4 1.0 10
55 Ghana 3.3 1.0 4
Mexico 3.3 0.6 9
Philippines 3.3 1.1 10
Senegal 3.3 0.8 3
59 Ivory Coast 3.1 1.7 4
Guatemala 3.1 2.5 3
61 Argentina 3.0 0.6 9
Nicaragua 3.0 2.5 3
Romania 3.0 1.5 3
Thailand 3.0 0.7 11
Yugoslavia 3.0 1.5 3
66 Bulgaria 2.9 2.3 4
Egypt 2.9 0.6 3
India 2.9 0.6 12
69 Bolivia 2.8 1.2 4
Ukraine 2.8 1.6 6
71 Latvia 2.7 1.9 3
Pakistan 2.7 1.4 3
73 Uganda 2.6 0.8 4
74 Kenya 2.5 0.6 4
Vietnam 2.5 0.5 6
76 Russia 2.4 0.9 10
77 Ecuador 2.3 1.5 3
Venezuela 2.3 0.8 9
79 Colombia 2.2 0.8 9
80 Indonesia 2.0 0.9 10
81 Nigeria 1.9 0.5 5
Tanzania 1.9 1.1 4
83 Honduras 1.7 0.5 3
84 Paraguay 1.5 0.5 3
85 Cameroon 1.4 0.5 4

 

 

Background information

  • The rank relates solely to the results drawn from a number of surveys and reflects only the perceptions of business people that participated in these surveys.
  • The CPI 1998 Score relates to perceptions of the degree of which corruption is seen by business people--a perfect 10.00 would be a totally corruption-free country.
  • Standard Deviation indicates differences in the values of the sources for the 1998 index: the greater the variance, the greater the differences of perceptions of a country among the sources.
  • The number of surveys used had to be at least 3 for a country to be included in the CPI.
  • Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about the Corruption Perceptions Index 1998