Bribe Payers Index 1999

"The scale of bribe-paying by international corporations in the developing countries of the world is massive. Actions by the majority of governments of the leading industrial countries to curb international corruption are modest."

– Peter Eigen, Chair of Transparency International

Transparency International commissioned Gallup International Association (GIA) to conduct in-depth interviews with private sector leaders in 14 emerging market economies, which combine to account for over 60% of imports of all emerging market economies, namely India, Indonesia, Philippines, South Korea, Thailand, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa. The 14 countries included India, Indonesia, the Philippines, South Korea, Thailand, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Morocco, Nigeria and South Africa. The survey was conducted from April to July 1999.

Many of the questions asked related to perceptions of bribe-paying in these emerging market economies by companies from the 19 leading exporting countries of the world.

The respondents were interviewed by professional, trained interviewers on the basis of strict confidentiality and anonymity. A total of 779 interviews were conducted which included approximately 55 interviews in each country. About one third (230) of the respondents were senior executives, resident in emerging market countries, who are employed by major foreign companies and about one third (236) represent major national companies. Then, 84 of those questioned were top executives at chartered accountancies, 76 were at binational chambers of commerce, 78 were at national and foreign commercial banks, and 75 were at commercial law firms.

TI's Bribe Payers Index is a pioneering effort to measure the supply side of bribery: the relative propensity to pay bribes by companies from leading exporting states in emerging economies.